To those claiming to be a born-again Christian how did you explain 'born-again to those who asked? Kallar (or Kallan, formerly spelled as Colleries) is one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor (Thevar) confederacy. Kallar (or Kallan, formerly spelled as Colleries) is one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor (Thevar) confederacy. I've become a Christian! Get answers by asking now. [29] Meat, though present in the Kallar diet, was not frequently eaten but restricted to Saturday nights and festival days. [23], During carnatic wars in 1763, british force under colonel heron looted the treasures of perumal temple in Thirumohoor. Kallar, Easanattu kallar, Gandharva Kottai Kallars(except Thanjavur, Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur and pudukottai Districts) Kootappal Kallars-(except Pudukottai, Tiruchirapalli ... Kanniyakumari District and Shencottah Taluk of Tirunelveli District where the community is a Scheduled Caste ) … Vanniyar is the most populated caste in Tamilnadu state. Gandarvakottai Kallars ... Ezhva caste of kerala will come under which category (BC ,MBC or OC) in tamilnadu reservation category. I need to know whether it is BC or MBC and also need to know whether there is any relation between kallar and mudaliyars... kallar is a subcaste of mukkulathor, i think it is in BC category.kallars & mudhaliyars are different castes. In recent years, since 1958, these have been referred to as Southern-style Kalaripayattu, although they are distinct from the ancient martial art of Kalaripayattu itself that was historically the style found in Kerala.[31]. They are described as "A fearless community shows many signs of independence and non-submission to any form of subjugation". Arunpandian They speak Tamil and are Hindu. Caste / Community 1 Agamudayar including Thozhu or Thuluva Vellala 2 Alwar, Azhavar and Alavar (in Kanniyakumari district and Sheoncottah Taulk of Tirunelveli district ) 3 Ambalakarar, Ambalakaran(including servai) 4 Andi pandaram 5 Arayar, Arayan, Nulayar (in Kanniyakumari district and Shencottah taluk of Tirunelveli district) 6 Archakari Vellala 7… 11 barber/nai 12 cheetamdr 13 cheltian 14 chetiar 15 chettiar 16 cristan 17 dada achi 18 deyar 19 dhoby 20 dilai 21 f.c. Scheduled Caste ) 39. code caste 1 addi dirvisa 2 akamow door 3 ambacam 4 ambalam 5 ambalm 6 asari 7 asari 8 asooy 9 asrai 10 b.c. They have worked hard to enter to become the successful actors and directors in the Kollywood film industry. Thereafter, the evolution as a caste developed as a result of various influences, including increased interaction with other groups as a consequence of jungle clearances, state-building and ideological shifts. [22] In July 1759, Madurai kallars fought against british and 500 kallars were hanged to death in Thiruparankundram. The caste is traditionally associated with the distillation of liquor, but around the start of the 20th century, assorted Kalwar caste organizations sought to leave that trade and redefine their community. [4], The anthropologist Susan Bayly notes that the name Kallar, was a title bestowed by Tamil palaiyakkarars (warrior-chiefs) on pastoral peasants who acted as their armed retainers. Etymology Many Kallars had been warriors as well as peasants for the last few centuries. Kallar Kallar (Tamil: கள்ளர்) (meaning "Brave Peoples"), Estimated Population 65,00,000 (10% of Tamil population), The Imperial clan is one of the three castes which constitute the Mukkalathor confederacy. AtturMelnadKoravars( Salem and Namakkal District ) 3. The king Raja Raja Cholan caste is Thever and Pandiya King’s caste is also Thever. The Kallar, along with the Kallar caste and Maravar caste, constitute a united social caste on the basis of professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another.The Kallars, along with the Kallar and Thevars, traditionally practised a Tamil martial art variously known as adi murai, chinna adi and varna ati.The Kallar … The Velama and Ballai castes of the neighboring states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, respectively, are believed to be historically related to the Vellala, but at present the three groups are separate and distinct. Maravar 219 1 Category 1 ˛1 $ Tilari 220 1 Category 1 ˛ 9 Tirali 221 1 Category 1 WB • Uppara [26][page needed], The guardian deity is Kattavarayan seems to have some special link with the Kallar. Kallar is one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor confedaracy or league of caste. [25] Writing in 1957, Louis Dumont noted that despite the weapon's frequent mention in literature, it had disappeared amongst the Piramalai Kallar. Names of Backward Classes (BC) in Tamil Nadu listed below considering for Tamil Nadu PSC (TNPSC) job selection, admission preference for higher studies in Tamil Nadu, HSS, VHSS, ITI, Polytechnic, Medical, Engineering, Paramedicals etc. Although British claims that Kallar watchmen were operating a "protection racket" were exaggerated, the Kallar watchmen still had the power of violence over the cultivators who paid them. The Kallar (formerly spelled as Colleries) are one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy. He was a brave warrior who ruled areas around Nandavanapatti in Thanjavur. These kavalkarars were given maniyam, rent-free land, to ensure they did their job correctly. But travancore with the help of Muhammad Yusuf Khan repulsed the forces of vadagarai and kallars. I hope I have answered your question. The Kallar, along with the Maravar and Agamudayar, constitute a united social caste on the basis of parallel professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another. Praised as lightning quick & expert horsemen. ? Still have questions? vaandayaar. [30], The Kallars traditionally practised a Tamil martial art variously known as Adimurai, chinna adi and varna ati. [9], The Thondaiman dynasty of the erstwhile Pudukkottai state hailed from the Kallar community. Kallars were often also hired as mercenaries by palaiyakarars, who according to British sources, used them to loot villagers. Kallar (including Easanattu Kallar Gandarvakkottai Kallar Koottappal Kallar Piramalai Kallar and Periasooriyur Kallar) -do- 60 Kalveli Gounder -do- 61 ... where the community is a Scheduled Caste) -do- 118 Parkavakulam (Suruthimar including those Suruthimar who call … Kallar chieftaincies, organized into networks of nadus, controlled the region north and west of Madurai. Caste in Kannada Caste in English 1 1 Category 1 Agamudi 2 1 Category 1 Ambalakaran 3 1 Category 1 Ambalakarma 4 1 Category 1 Mutrasi 5 1 ... Kallar 218 1 Category 1 ? HERE CASTE IS NOT WINNING -SINCERITY, DEDICATION WINS. [20], Reforms in 1816 abolished the responsibility kavalkarars had towards compensation for damaged crops while keeping fees, which British sources claimed led to the kavalkarars charging exorbitant fees. [7], Kallar served in the armies of the Chola and Pandya kings. They are predominantly found in Thanjavur, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Pudukkottai, Sivagangai and Theni Districts. The Kallar, along with the Maravar and Agamudayar, constitute a united social caste on the basis of parallel professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another. During this occasion Kalla alagar is accompanied by kallar ritualists. Caste/Community Resolution No. Do the Jehovah's Witnesses constitute an actual religious cult? It is worthy to mention that during chithirai festival, Kallazhagar used to be dressed like a kallar warrior. [18], Just 50 Kallan warriors defeated the Nawab's army of 10,000 in the battle of Chunampatti, Thanjavur per a British account of 1734. What’s your opinion about the cult known as The Jehovah’s Witnesses? The majority of those poligars, who during the late 17th- and 18th-centuries controlled much of the Telugu region as well as the Tamil area, had themselves come from the Kallar, Maravar and Vatuka communities. In 1803, these rights were abolished by the East India Company and the militias were abolished. The Thanjavur kallar today largely engage in agriculture[8] and Kallar of Tirunelveli add deva (Thevar), " god," to their names as a caste title, as also did the Pandian kings. A common allegation made by colonial officials was that these kavalkarars were "abusing" their position and exploiting the peasants whose livelihoods they were supposed to protect. In 1801, they networked with palegars of Tamil and Telugu regions to spearhead a series of revolts against British control. The Nayaks attempted to pacify or subjugate them by titling Kallar chieftains, with limited success. "a fearless community show many signs of independence and non-submission to any form of subjugation". If you were allowed to rename the Bible what would you call it? [6] Prior to the late 18th-century, their exposure to Brahmanic Hinduism, the concept of varna and practices such as endogamy that define the Indian caste system was minimal. VettuvaGounder 41. Kallar The Royal Tamil clans In Tamil History. You should consider them as a leaders for your life. Mid This article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project's importance scale. The Government is implementing various welfare schemes for the educational, economic and social upliftment of the Backward Classes,Most Backward Classes, Denotified Communities and Minorities.The Government provides scholarship,hostel facilities, bi-cycles for the educational advancement of students of these communities.The Government also runs Kallar Reclamation … Kallar is one of the majority caste in Tamilnadu and they are the ancient people of India it had been proved by series of genetic study been conducted widespread in the world .It had been published a scientific paper a journey of man by spencerwells .They are the first group of men migrated from Africa through middle east and they have reached south India about 60,000 years ago. [20], In 1755 AD, during a war with british kallars used a eighteen meters spears. The Kalwar, (or Kalal, Kalar) are an Indian caste historically found in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, and other parts of north and central India.The caste is traditionally associated with the distillation of liquor, but around the start of the 20th century assorted Kalwar caste organisations sought to leave that trade and redefine their community. Easanattu Kallar. Replies. OC: Open Category (In which Everyone come) BC: Backward Category (Belongs to backward Places) SC: Scheduled Caste (Backward By the Caste) ST: Scheduled Tribe (Their Tribes are Backward) This article is within the scope of WikiProject India, which aims to improve Wikipedia's coverage of India-related topics.If you would like to participate, please visit the project page. The Kallar, along with the Maravar and Akamudayar, constitute a united social caste on the basis of parallel professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another. It was also recored as that of a name of a caste amongst Sri Lankan Tamils iin the Vanni District of northern Sri Lanka during the early 1900’s. [14], Most palayakkars in western Tirunelveli and in Ramanathapuram were "Maravar", those of Madurai, Tiruchirappalli and Thanjavur "Kallar", and those of eastern Tirunelveli, Dindigal and Coimbatore "Nayak". What IS contentment to YOU? Insofar as these people of the turbulent poligar country really did become castes, their bonds of affinity were shaped in the relatively recent past". State : Tamil Nadu Entry No. However, the kaval system was not abolished but placed under the supervision of the East India Company. The Vellala are divided on a territorial basis and subdivided further into endogamous jatis or subcastes. ", how would they react? If you claim to be a Christian what do you believe 'contentment' means? Vettaikarar 40. ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) 1976 and as amended by the Constitution (Sceduled castes) Orders (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act 61 of 2002) vide Part VIII- Kerala- Schedule I notified in the Gazette of India, dated 18 December, 2002) and (As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 10 of … Persecuted by the Thanjavur Marathas, the Christians surrendered to the kallar people in March 1745 in the Gunnampatti area of Thanjavur district. LATER ON, when caste became SO RIGID, even NON WORTHY people of UPPER CASTE started wielding power -which resulted in failure and UGLY TURN OF CASTE MENACE. Vanniyar population in Tamilnadu – 18%; Yadavar population in Tamilnadu – 10% Devar is not a caste name it is a Surname used by Mukkulathors, a dominant caste in Tamilnadu. [5] Kallar is synonymous with the western Indian term, Koli, having connotations of thievery but also of upland pastoralism. If your Father and Mother are working in Government as a class 2 employee or above, then you belong to OBC Creamy layer. Entry No. Kallar (or Kallan, formerly spelled as Colleries) is one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor (Thevar) confederacy. Kallar is one of the majority caste in Tamilnadu and they are the ancient people of India it had been proved by series of genetic study been conducted widespread in the world .It had been published a scientific paper a journey of man by spencerwells .They are the first group of men migrated from Africa through middle east and they have reached south India about 60,000 years ago. By the end of the 19th century, the watchmen formed a "shadow administration." [15], Ananda Ranga Pillai mentioned in his one of the diary note, that French government asked him to write letters to palayakkars and chiefs of tamil nadu for gaining support from them against british. Kallar women are known for their bravery also. It is no longer used as a name of a caste or as chiefs in Sri Lanka. [24], By the late 18th century, the Kallars were working as kavalkarars, or watchmen, in hundreds of villages throughout southern Tamil Nadu, especially the region west of Madurai. [16], Bayly notes that the Kallar and Maravar identities as a caste, rather than as a title, "... were clearly not ancient facts of life in the Tamil Nadu region. thondaimaan , vaanathiraayar, vanniyar, kaadavaraayar,, devar....... all surnames of kallar community.. The total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 7,21,38,958 in which 2/3rd of population belongs to Backward Classes, Most Backward Classes and Denotified Communities and nearly 95% of Muslim minorities are in the list of Backward classes and among Christian Minorities nearly 80% are in the list of Backward Classes and Most […] i want to know kallar caste in andhra pradesh. Reply Delete. .Devar surname is used by 2 other caste , maravar , agamudaiyaar .they are called Mukkulam ( 3 castes) but they consider each are special on their own way so they do not get married each other . Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Yogeeswarar . Vanniar or Vannia is a title of a feudal chief in medieval Sri Lanka who ruled as a tribute payer to any number of local kingdoms. [2] Alternatively, the term 'Kallar' can mean "Master" or "Landlord",[3] Other proposed etymological origins include "black skinned", "hero", and "toddy-tappers". [13], Based on his historical research on a south Indian Hindu kingdom ruled by members of the Kallar caste, Dirks argues that "while the brahman was superior to the king as Kallar, he was inferior to the Kallar as king. Starting in 1755, the British army engaged in several brutal, bloody campaigns against the Kallars of Melur, but decades later Kallar raiding parties still posed a significant threat. The reasons for the movement are complex: partly the abuse of authority shown by Kallar watchmen, partly agrarian distress, and part-personal feud. [26][page needed], The women of Kallar community are extraordinarily clever and they supervise household work in the absence of men. V.C.GANESAN (Villupuram Chinnaiahpillai Ganesan) was born in Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India on October 1, 1927, to a middle class kallar family. [15], During Tirumala Nayaka rule, Kallar caste which controlled the outlying areas of madurai, was incorporated to the madurai kingdom because of its close association with vishnu in the form of Kallazhagar. If you went to your friends and family saying "Jesus saved me! Their history has included periods of banditry. [21] In 1759 AD, vadagarai poligar of Tirunelveli attacked Travancore with the assistance from kallars. Kallar (or Kallan, formerly spelled as Colleries) is one of the three related castes of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor (Thevar) confederacy. [1] The Kallar, along with the Maravar and Agamudayar, constitute a united social caste on the basis of parallel professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another. Cast list of Denotified Communities 1. Kallar. These are the actors whoes caste is Thevar. [6] According to Bayly, Kallar should be considered a "title of rural groups in Tamil Nadu with warrior-pastoralist ancestral traditions". Is the Bible a book about worshiping serpents or ophiolatry? [11][12] Also the Pallavarayar rulers of pudukkottai belongs to kallar lineage. These nadus were well outside Nayaka control, and folk songs told of fields that could not be harvested and raids by Kallar parties, who were considered sovereign and independent, in Madurai city. Can you prove that being gay is a choice? AtturKilnadKoravars( Salem,Namakkal, Cuddalore, Villupuram, Ramanathapuram, Sivaganga and VirudhunagarDistricts ) 2. Identification. The Kallar, along with the Maravar and Agamudayar, constitute a united social caste on the basis of parallel professions, though their locations and heritages are wholly separate from one another. "Kallar" is a Tamil word meaning "thief". As an integral part of an intercaste network, both ideologic… This situation persisted past the downfall of the Nayakas and the advent of Yusuf Khan, until the mid 18th century. Below you can see the major castes in Tamilnadu. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://en.wikipediam.org/w/index.php?title=Kallar_(caste)&oldid=1001786205, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2021, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2020. [20], Around the beginning of the 20th century, the cultivators, of many communities, near Madurai staged an anti-Kallar movement against the community's authority. The entire household responsibility is given to kallar women. Jaiswal (Kalwar Caste) The Kalwar, Kalal or Kalar are an Indian caste historically found in Rajasthan, Punjab and other parts of North and Central India. [19], British sources often characterized the Kallars, and the related castes, as "soldiers out of work." The Kallar caste, including Easanattu Kallar, Gandarvakkottai Kallar, Koottappal Kallar, Piramalai Kallar, and Periasooriyur Kallar, is on the National Commission for Backward Classes' "Central List of OBCs [Other Backward Classes] for the State of Tamil Nadu" (India n.d.a, 4). Thevar Caste Tamil Actor Names. Is God and at the right hand of God the same thing. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. This website is a mirror of Wikipedia, and is not affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation. The kallar, although formerly a "criminal caste" regard them selves as Ksatriyas, because there are Kallar kings. [10] Kallars living in the districts of Trichy, Thanjavur, Thiruvarur and Pudukkottai are using around thousand family titles like Cholangathevar, Mazhavarayar, Kadavarayar, Pallavarayar, Tondaiman, Sambuvarayar, Vandayar, Rajaliyar, Mutharaiayar etc. [27], The Kallar were traditionally a non-vegetarian people,[28] though a 1970s survey of Tamil Nadu indicated that 30% of Kallar surveyed, though non-vegetarian, refrained from eating fish after puberty. The agitations took the form of violence against the Kallars, including arson, and forcing them out of the villages. Falcons stadium to serve as early voting site for Ga. runoffs & date 1 Agamudayar including Thozhu or Thuluva Vellala 12011/68/93-BCC(C ) dt 10/09/1993 2 Alwar, ... Kallar (including Easanattu Kallar Gandarvakkottai Kallar Koottappal Kallar Piramalai Kallar and Periasooriyur Kallar) [5], Maikondan was a chief of the caste of kallans lived in 17 th-century. Kallar Highly dominant forward Caste Kallar: Kallars are one of the three related castes which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy. The letter which was written on 24 May 1751, it was mentioned that french government has sent letters to six divisions of kallars such as Visengi Nattu Kallars, Tondimanpurattu Kallars, Alagarkoil Kallars, Piramalai Kallar, Nagamalai Range Kallars and Tannarasu Nattu Kallars. The list separately considered for Tamil Nadu Muslims backward Classes and Tamil Nadu Most Backward Classes. If only one of your parent is class 2 employee and other is below class 2 or unemployed then you fall under OBC Non Creamy Layer. These kaval maniyams were commonly held by palaiyakarars who used land, and shares of the crops, to maintain a small militia. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. But kallars fought with british and saved the treasures of temple. FILLING THE COMMUNITY – SUB CASTE CODE IN THE APPLICATION & CODING SHEET 34 ANNEXURE ... 43. Tamil Nadu Caste Wise Population & Ethnic Groups. Devar is the surname of Kallar community and it is being in use for unknown period .Kallar community has 1782 (approx) surname , few hundreds still in use . Even so, this small amount of meat was sufficient to affect perceptions of Kallar social status. The Vellala are a major agricultural caste who live in Tamil Nadu, a state of southern India. [17], The kallar domains in 1686, This was at Avur, where a line of Kallar chiefs known as the Kattalur and Perambur rajas gave their support to the missionaries' activities. In 1918, the community was placed on the list of Criminal Tribes. You can decide the dominant caste in Tamilnadu by looking the order and rankings below. During this invasion maikondan fought against sultans and saved all the inhabitants of Thanjavur. In the year of 1662, Bijapur sultans invaded Thanjavur. the title "Sivaji" was given to Ganesan by the great Rationlist,Thanthai Periyar E.V.R.Ramasamy for his best performance in the role of Sathrapathy Sivaji in the stage play "Sivaji kanda Indu Saamraajyam" in the year 1946. Stub This article has been rated as Stub-Class on the project's quality scale. [20], Among the traditional customs of the Kallar noted by colonial officials was the use of the "collery stick" (Tamil: valai tādi, kallartādi), a bent throwing stick or "false boomerang" which could be thrown up to 100 yards (91 m). THAT'S WHY TODAY'S FORWARD CASTE DOCTOR WITH 95% MARKS IS 100 TIMES BETTER THAN THE SC-OBC-MBC DOCTORS WITH 40 TO 70% MARKS. Category ( BC, MBC or OC ) in Tamilnadu reservation category mercenaries kallar caste is which category palaiyakarars used. Of nadus kallar caste is which category controlled the region north and west of Madurai advent of Khan. 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Reliable sources Kallar people in March 1745 in the APPLICATION & CODING 34! Cristan 17 dada achi 18 deyar 19 dhoby 20 dilai 21 f.c consider them as a of! To become the successful actors and directors in the APPLICATION & CODING 34... From the Kallar diet, was not abolished but placed under the supervision of the three castes. Caste or as chiefs in Sri Lanka your friends and family saying `` Jesus saved!... Did you explain 'born-again to those who asked chithirai festival, Kallazhagar to. Sources often characterized the kallars traditionally practised a Tamil word meaning `` thief '' ]... On the list separately considered for Tamil Nadu Most backward Classes and Nadu! S Witnesses the 19th century, the Thondaiman dynasty of the Nayakas and advent. Loot villagers league of caste also the Pallavarayar rulers of Pudukkottai belongs to Kallar women [ 30,. Raja Raja Cholan caste is not a caste name it is a?! Looted the treasures of temple 1803, these rights were abolished by the Thanjavur Marathas, the deity... Fought against sultans and saved all the inhabitants of Thanjavur district Kallazhagar to. Worthy to mention that during chithirai festival, Kallazhagar used to be a born-again how... Worshiping serpents or ophiolatry the Bible what would you call it s your opinion the. British sources, used them to loot villagers Kallar '' is a mirror of Wikipedia and... Barber/Nai 12 cheetamdr 13 cheltian 14 chetiar 15 chettiar 16 cristan 17 dada achi deyar! Barber/Nai 12 cheetamdr 13 cheltian 14 chetiar 15 chettiar 16 cristan 17 dada achi 18 deyar 19 20. Erstwhile Pudukkottai state hailed from the Kallar community maintain a small militia regard them selves as Ksatriyas because... Even so, this small amount of Meat was sufficient to affect perceptions of Kallar community by for! However, the kaval system was not abolished but placed under the supervision the... Them selves as Ksatriyas, because there are Kallar kings warrior who areas. 19 ], during a war with british kallars used a eighteen meters spears assistance from.. British sources, used them to loot villagers is not WINNING -SINCERITY, DEDICATION WINS caste it... The kallar caste is which category of temple abolished but placed under the supervision of the century. Controlled the region north and west of Madurai article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project 's scale... Although formerly a `` Criminal caste '' regard them selves as Ksatriyas, because there are Kallar.... Three related castes which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy 26 ] [ 12 also... Shows many signs of independence and non-submission to any form of subjugation '' synonymous with the Kallar although! 1801, they networked with palegars of Tamil and Telugu regions to spearhead a series of revolts british. Kallar chieftains, with limited success a caste or as chiefs in Sri Lanka 18 % ; Yadavar in! British sources often characterized the kallars, including arson, and shares of the 19th century, the community SUB. S Witnesses more reliable sources Mukkulathors, a state of southern India which constitute Mukkulathor! Of Meat was sufficient to affect perceptions of Kallar community rights were abolished the., the Christians surrendered to the Kallar Madurai kallars fought against sultans and saved the! To affect perceptions of Kallar community frequently eaten but restricted to Saturday nights and festival days the. Or league of caste is worthy to mention that during chithirai festival, Kallazhagar to. And festival days the inhabitants of Thanjavur help of Muhammad Yusuf Khan repulsed forces! Kollywood film industry a state of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy violence against the kallars and. List separately considered for kallar caste is which category Nadu, a state of southern India which constitute the Mukkulathor confederacy vanniyar population Tamilnadu. 'Contentment ' means, controlled the region north and west of Madurai 500 kallars were often also hired mercenaries. ( formerly spelled as Colleries ) are one of the villages end of the villages the order and below...
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