It is about 800 km long. Most parts are between 50 kilometres (31 mi) and 300 kilometres (190 mi) wide. Commencing in September 2005, it features the conduct of combined maritime air patrol by the armed forces and maritime enforcement agencies of the littoral and invited international participating nations. The trilateral initiative, launched in July 2004, is a joint special task force by the littoral states to safeguard the Straits and provide effective policing along the waterway. The decision to add the Straits to the committee's list of high-risk areas was taken following recommendations by a private defense consultant, Aegis Defence Services, which carried out risk assessments on the area and suggested that it was a potential site for a terrorist attack. During the seminar, a case study of the Malacca strait will be performed. What Is the Capital of Tonga? Given the very small number of other incidents, such as collision and pollution in the Straits, compared with the tremendous traffic volume, the measures taken and infrastructure put in place by the littoral states can be lauded as effective. The littoral states will continue to face a plethora of challenges, existing and emerging, to manage the Straits in the years ahead. Malacca can be access by road only. Furthermore, a large portion of the world’s shipping routes use the Strait of Malacca. Such keen attention is underlined by US hints that it might send its naval forces to unilaterally patrol the Straits should it feel that the littoral states were not up to the task. Mukundan admitted in a recent seminar on piracy that the Straits was “not a hotspot anymore”, and held that there was no reason for JWC to continue to include the area in its ‘war risk zone’ list [8]. Posted at Japan Focus on June 1, 2006. to our semi-monthly Newsletter to learn and link to the content of each issue. For facts about the Malacca VTS system see Malacca and Singapore Strait VTS. Malacca, Strait of (məläk`ə), c.500 mi (800 km) long and from c.30 to 200 mi (50–320 km) wide, between Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula.Linking the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea, it is one of the world's most important sea passages. Conclusion The drop in piracy incidents speaks volumes of the effectiveness of the measures introduced in significantly reducing risk in the Straits. Although it is unlikely that JWC will remove the Straits of Malacca from its list any time soon despite the protests, some encouragement can be drawn from the fact that piracy cases in the Straits are at an all-time low. JWC has maintained that it has done no more than publish a list of areas considered at high risk of war or war-related perils on the basis of advice received from its consultants. Each EIS flight will involve a Combined Mission Patrol Team on board, a Mission Commander in charge of the safe conduct of the mission and the after-flight report, and observers from each participating nation. The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) defines it to mean “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience”. It attempts to counter the tendency by some analysts to view security in the Straits from the restrictive lens of piracy and terrorism, two issues which have dominated discourse on the subject of late. Kedah provided accommodations, porters, small vessels, bamboo rafts, elephants, as well as tax collections fo… Som historical information relating to the Malacca strait has been gathered here for the benefit of the case study. It is therefore not surprising that security in the Straits is a matter of grave concern among the littoral states and internationally. Thank you for your support for our Asia-Pacific Journal Subscription Drive December 2020. They will have their work cut out for them to assure safe passageway in the waterway while balancing their own national and regional interests with those of the international community. They returned between December and May. Most of these were, in the words of Capt. Nowhere is the issue of maritime security given sharper focus than in the strategic, high-risk waters of the Straits of Malacca. Between … Strait of Malacca Located in the Indian Ocean, this strait is a shortcut for oil tankers traveling between the Middle East and the oil-dependent nations … It is hence crucial that stakeholders of the Straits find convergence in their dissimilarities and divergent interests towards protecting it. 1. It lays out the extent of the challenges faced by the littoral states in managing security in the Straits and advocates a comprehensive approach in carrying out the task. [8] ‘Melaka strait not a high risk zone, says IMB’, from www.bernama.com (accessed on 25 May 2006). Strait of Malacca. THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE SAFE PASSAGE 6 THE STRAITS OF MALACCA AND SINGAPORE 7 The SOMS are in places narrow and busy, where a large number of vessels transit daily, carrying about one-third of the world’s traded goods. The Strait forms the main ship passageway between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, linking three of the world's most populous nations: India, Indonesia and China. The waterway connecting the Andaman Sea (Indian Ocean) and the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean) is known as the Strait of Malacca.It runs between the Indonesian island of Sumatra to the west and peninsular (West) Malaysia and extreme southern Thailand to the east and has an area of about 25,000 square miles (65,000 square kilometers). The littoral governments have provided substantial counter-evidence against the perception that they were not doing much to maintain security in the Straits. 1:18. As it stands, many smaller operators with vessels typically under 20,000 GRT in size and trading solely in regional waters do not have war risk insurance. The ever-increasing traffic in the waterway adds to the challenge in navigating this waterway a width of only one kilometer at its narrowest point, making the Straits vulnerable to collision and vessels running aground, either of which could threaten its ecosystem. Given the improving security environment in the Straits, JWC should re-evaluate its dependence on the ‘advisory’ of security consultants and its one-eyed approach of not consulting with the relevant parties in coming up with its categorization. In 2005, several attacks were foiled by the Malaysian Marine Police, in one case leading to the prosecution of the perpetrators.In addition, several regional initiatives have sought to boost security. • The increased patrols by Malaysian Marine Police in the Straits which have resulted in several arrests of pirates and armed gang robberies. It also did not take into consideration the efforts undertaken by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits before and since 9-11. It is a vital artery linking the region’s economy with the rest of the world. Frequent evaluation of progress provides a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of the coordinated patrols. He can be contacted at nazery@mima.gov.my This article was written for Japan Focus. People also love these ideas Such interests of international users and foreign powers often collide with those of the littoral states. 10. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. This taxes the resources of littoral states, which include developing nations with limited resources. The term carries different meaning to different people. For example, it was through the loyalty of pirate crews made of Orang Laut people that the 14th-century Palembang prince Parameswara survived expansion attempts by neighbouring rulers and eventually went on to found the Sultanate of Malacca. It is hence appropriate for the littoral states to speak strongly against the tendency to exaggerate security threats in the Straits, as underlined by JWC’s categorization of the waterway as a war-risk zone. In the wake of the 9-11 attacks, this crucial passage has suffered from bad PR and been deemed a high-risk area due to its ‘image’ of being a piracy-prone area and the perceived threat of terrorism in its waters. Apr 27, 2019 - Explore Tanveerali's board "Strait of malacca" on Pinterest. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The littoral states have steadfastly called for a sense of perspective to be exercised in assessing the security situation in the Straits of Malacca. Recent reports of insurance premium increase on ships traversing the Straits lend currency to this worry. EIS is an open arrangement that may involve the participation of other countries on a voluntary basis, if deemed necessary by the littoral states. From an economic and strategic perspective the Strait of Malacca is one of the most important shipping lanes in the world, an equivalent of the Suez Canal, or the Panama Canal. While it is not realistic to expect zero-piracy in the huge area of the Straits, the recent drastic drop in piracy attacks in to the Straits reveals the positive results of the intense efforts undertaken by the littoral states. In light of the improving security situation in the Straits and the stepping up of security efforts in the littoral states, the declaration has appeared even more overdramatic. An increasing number of insurers has begun charging additional war risk premiums for vessels using the Straits since the declaration. The United Nations’ General Assembly is currently considering a draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism which would include a definition of terrorism. It includes Johore Strait ( q.v. Here is some key information about the strait: - The 900-km long (550 miles) Malacca Strait links Asia with the Middle East and Europe, carrying about 40 percent of the world’s trade. The areas specified included the Straits of Malacca and adjacent ports in Indonesia. • The ‘Eyes in the Sky’ (EIS) initiative, a maritime air operation for surveillance over the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. See ‘Pirate attacks in Malacca Strait at six-year low’, The Straits Times, 9 November 2005, p. 12. Strait of Malacca, which separates the Malay Peninsula from Sumatra, and connects the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea. Dire straits, or worrying for nought? The governments of Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia have called on the JWC to review its position on the Straits of Malacca. • The implementation of MALSINDO, a coordinated patrol scheme involving the navies of Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. Although there are perceived links between piracy and terrorism, especially after 9/11, they are distinctly separate both in their motivations and as defined by international law. The Strait of Magellan lies just north of the southern tip of South America and is surrounded by Chile and Argentina. NO airlines and train service to Malacca. These include agreement on information exchange and establishment of communication procedures, treaty of mutual assistance in criminal matters and regional forum framework on measures against terrorism, counter-terrorism and transnational crime. • The proposed Long Range Identification and Tracking (LRITS) of ships initiative by Maritime Security Committee of IMO. This translates into around US$12,500 for the base war-risk premium for a small 1,100 TEU container feeder vessel and US$2,500 for each passage through the Straits. They traded glassware, camphor, cotton goods, brocades, ivory, sandalwood, perfume, and precious stones. 3. Given the weight the committee’s assessment carries, insurers will surely take advantage of the categorization of the JWC list to raise premiums in the Straits. A South East Asian Regional Center for Counter-Terrorism has been set up, while agreements have been reached between ASEAN members and dialogue partners such as the US and EU with reference to cooperation against terrorism in the field of security. The owners of these vessels, forming the majority of the vessels using the Straits, see themselves as small players, hence not at risk of attacks. Total population by Ethnic group Malays 64.12%, Chinese 25.25%, Indian 6%, Others 0.48% and non citizen 4.15%. Located in one of the world’s most vibrant economic growth areas, the Straits is a pivotal link in international trade and transportation. The Straits of Malacca is one of the world’s busiest and most important shipping lanes. Based on the sharp reduction of attacks, Capt. World Facts. Regional economic powerhouses such as China, Japan and Korea view security in the Straits, through which much of its trade and oil imports flow, from a strategic standpoint. Once hailed as the jewel of the Straits of Malacca for many centuries, Malacca is Malaysia’s little historic gem, a UNESCO World Heritage site and the birthplace of the Malay Sultanate in the 15 th century. These measures have involved very high costs to procure, initiate, maintain and sustain. To underscore the Straits’ immense geostrategic value, naval powers view it as a strategic lane of communication (SLOC) crucial to their military goals. Even more so when one takes into account that incidents of pirate attacks in the Straits are at their lowest in a long time [10]. It links the Andaman Sea and the Java Sea, and separates Malaya and Sumatra. Nations participating in the program provide their respective air assets to conduct operations involving flight profile, pre-flight administration, operation centers, monitoring and action agencies and communication. Only persistent monitoring of the Straits to protect it from the many threats will help ensure a comprehensive security environment for this vital passage. This initiative, involving the three littoral states and Thailand, seeks to detect and deter acts of piracy and transnational criminal activities in the Straits. This can be attributed to increased efforts by the littoral states to improve security in the Straits. Over time, initiatives such as the Eyes in the Sky, joint patrols and other enhanced security measures announced by the littoral states should serve to improve security in the Straits further and mitigate the perceived threat. The Conclusions we can reach on the Strait of Malacca current and future importance will entirely depend on the continuation of many factors. Thus far, a definitive link between the two has yet to be established, although security analysts have speculated on the possibility of terrorists ‘subcontracting’ their work to pirates, leading to anxiety based on worst-case scenarios and questionable threat perception. ), … strait of malacca The Strait of Malacca is a narrow strait of water that divides the Indonesian island of Sumatra from Malaysia and Singapore. It is too early to evaluate the effectiveness of some initiatives like the coordinated patrols and the ‘Eyes in the Sky’ program, but it is fair to expect substantial improvements in security in the area once all the initiatives are running full steam. It is crucial at this juncture to separate piracy [2] from terrorism [3]. Carrying a third of world trade and half of its oil supplies, security in the Straits is a concern of everyone with a stake in the waterway. World ’ s most vital shipping lanes in the Straits before and 9-11... 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