The brain size of this species ranged from 700-850 cc, and it is the first Homo species to have roughly the same body proportions as modern humans. Homo ergaster is an extinct species or subspecies of archaic humans who lived in Africa in the Early Pleistocene.Whether H. ergaster constitutes a species of its own or if it should be subsumed into H. erectus is an ongoing and unresolved dispute within palaeoanthropology.Proponents of synonymisation typically designate H. ergaster as "African Homo erectus" or "Homo erectus ergaster". Nayece also gave the men fire, and taught them how to cook. Maybe he didn’t have much hair. The wide cranial breadth and standard supraorbital sulcus behind the supraorbital torus relate more closely to H. erectus specimens and differs from other H. ergaster specimens, possibly due to his juvenile status. A much more famous Homo erectus, the “Nariokotome” or “Turkana” boy (KNM-WT 15000), preserves an obvious and serious infection that caused an abscess in his jaw. Homo erectus. 14 years old. KNM-ER 3733—Homo ergaster, discovered in 1975. Probably had advanced communication skills and the capability to produce some simple words and communicate to a greater degree than is seen in our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees. Which describes the diet of the mouse lemur? Turkana Boy model. It was found in 1984 near Lake Turkana in Kenya. 4. For instance, one of the most complete fossil skeletons ever found, a 1.5-million-year-old specimen of an adolescent male known as Turkana Boy (now known as Nariokotome Boy… Microscopic study of the teeth indicates that he grew up at a growth rate similar to that of a great ape. Choose the incorrect statement about the locomotion of sifakas. Turkana, the world's largest desert lake, lies in Kenya's northwest corner, on the border with Ethiopia, and gets 90 percent of its water from the Omo … The Turkana Boy - Homo ergaster Date: 1.5 -1.9 million years ago Lived: Africa, possibly migrated out into regions of the Middle East and Asia Language ability: limited speech and language ability. ... All of these apply to the stone tools used by Turkana Boy's people except. One of the striking changes is the tremendous increase in dietary fat. Turkana diet. What is a downside of having a bigger brain? How can we tell that Turkana boy was still growing when he died? Reconstruction of Turkana Boy, a specimen of the hominin Homo ergaster. Turkana Boy, now called, Nariokotome Boy, is the common name of fossil KNM-WT 15000,[nb 1] a nearly complete skeleton of a hominid who died in the early Pleistocene. Humans have a longer juvenile period than chimpanzees.What are the benefits of … Other KFRP discoveries include species, such as Kenyanthropus platyops, found nowhere else in the world. Reading Passage 1. Turkana Boy’s skeleton is the most well preserved early human specimen ever found. Homo erectus from Nariokotome, west of Lake Turkana, Kenya, nicknamed "Turkana Boy." Time of death: 1.6 million years ago. This made him probably the first human to behave like a hunter. It consists of an almost complete fossil skeleton, and dates from around 1.5 million years ago. Perhaps he too suffered from a voracious sweet tooth. It is usually referred to as the "Turkana Boy." This almost complete skeleton is dated to 1.55 million years ago and is the most complete early evidence of the species. Turkana people are agro-pastoralist Nilotic people native to the Turkana District in northwest Kenya, a semi-arid climate region bordering Lake Turkana in the east, Pokot, Rendille and Samburu to the south, Uganda to the west, and South Sudan and Ethiopia to the north. Turkana men also like walking with long sticks for ... meat and blood form a big part of their diet; they enjoy meat roasted on open fire and goat is the most commonly eaten meat. Prior to the discovery, the most recent H. habilis fossil was a 1.6 million-year-old specimen discovered by paleoanthropologist Richard Leakey and his team in 1984 and dubbed "Turkana Boy." You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below. The boy, who died about one and a half million years ago, became known as Turkana Boy or Nariokotome Boy. It is believed to be between 1.5 and 1.6 million years old. • Asian vs African Homo ergaster (African) Homo erectus (Asian) Studies of how Turkana Boy walked and ran had largely been restricted to the skeleton's legs and pelvis. The significance of this discovery will be discussed below. 3.How is Turkana Boy's brain similar to that of a human? Dmanisi is the name of a very old archaeological site located in the Caucasus of the Republic of Georgia, about 85 kilometers (52 miles) southwest of the modern town of Tbilisi, beneath a medieval castle near the junction of the Masavera and Pinezaouri rivers. Identity of the deceased: Turkana Boy (an 8 year-old male Homo ergaster) Place of death: Nariokotome, near Lake Turkana, Kenya. How can a change in diet … The Turkana boy is classified as Homo ergaster by some and Homo erectus by others. Also known as Nariokotome Boy, this specimen is catalogued as KNM-WT 15000. Nayece divided the men into territorial sections (the basis of Turkana society today), and became the mother-heroine of the Turkana. The human diet has changed considerably during the last 100 y. animal products in the diet (Shipman and W alker, 1989; Aiello and. 2. Being a hunter, Homo erectus was bigger than his predecessors whose diet was mainly vegetables and whose maximum height was below 4.5ft. The growth plates on his limbs are unfused when he is full grown are not fused. On the northwestern shore of the lake, excavations at Nariokotome came up with another almost complete skeleton of a slender adolescent Homo erectus male, catalogued as KNM-WT 15000 but more popularly known as "Turkana Boy". If he had lived to be an adult, he may have reached 6 feet. Vegetables, wild fruit, cereals and legumes are also a part of their diet. So he was tall 5’3 but he was not full grown yet, about 8 years old. It is possible that dark skin protected him from the sun. We term Turkana Boy's species Homo erectus ergaster, to distinguish it from the later Homo erectus erectus from Longus-shan and Java. ... a boy is closer By Edith Honan NAIROBI (Reuters) - Industrial projects along Ethiopia's Omo River could dry up Kenya's Lake Turkana and create a humanitarian and environmental catastrophe exacerbated by climate change, Human Rights Watch said on Thursday. The most complete fossil individual of this species is known as the ‘Turkana Boy’ – a well-preserved skeleton (though minus almost all the hand and foot bones), dated around 1.6 million years old. Impressed with the area, the men talked other young people into joining them, and together they moved in with their livestock. Note the high forehead, which looks strikingly modern. Our Vanishing Night ” Most city … Despite Turkana Boy being one of the most-studied hominin fossils in history, paleoanthropologists still debate whether the specimen is Homo erectus or Homo ergaster. Scientists say Turkana Boy died aged 12 when he was 5.5ft tall. In 1984, Richard Leakey's team working at Nariokotome on the western side of Lake Turkana found a nearly complete Homo erectus skeleton of a n 8-12 year old boy dating to 1.6 million years ago. 1. What does having this brain similarity mean for Homo erectus? The Turkana boy, an Homo ergaster, had a large brain that controlled a modern body with proportions identical to our own. “Turkana Boy” WT 15000 Relatively young age based on dental eruption, wear, and suture closure Estimated height equivalent to modern Homo sapiens • Large Cranial Capacity 600 – 1100 cc. He lived in open savannah. He was 5 feet 3 inches tall when he died. Turkana Boy also has a low sloping forehead, strong brow ridge, and is an absent chin—all features present in modern humans. At first, they thought Turkana Boy was. This specimen is the most complete early human skeleton ever found. 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