270) were outbreaks of two different diseases, one of smallpox and one of measles but not necessarily in that order. When imperial forces moved east, under the command of Emperor Verus, after the forces of Vologases IV of Parthia attacked Armenia, the Romans' defense of the eastern territories was hampered when large numbers of troops succumbed to the disease. The site may not work properly if you don't, If you do not update your browser, we suggest you visit, Press J to jump to the feed. ------------------------------------------------------------ With their ranks thinned by the epidemic, Roman armies were now unable to push the tribes back. The plague may have claimed the life of a Roman emperor, Lucius … One consideration though is that the Antonine Plague kept reoccurring, in smaller form. Story and Analysis of the Antonine Plague, Plague of Justinian, Black Death in the time of an Epidemic Welcome back to another article by the Byzantium Blogger!This one here is a special edition article made for times like this when a pandemic is ongoing and seems to be getting worse. It was a big deal. Furthermore, this historical examination will seek to shatter the sensibilities of a twenty-first-century Western audience, centuries detached from the apocalyptic experiences of their predecessors. The Plague of Justinian arrived in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, in 541 CE.  Chinese histories also insist that further Roman embassies came to China by way of Rinan in Vietnam in 226 and 284 AD, where Roman artifacts have been found. According to the 5th-century Spanish writer Paulus Orosius, many towns and villages in the Italian Peninsula and the European provinces lost all of their inhabitants. Evidence indicates less significant, but mostly we don't really have a way of estimating the consequences of the Antonine Plague, as we lack proper quantitave sources to estimate its impact, compared to the Black Death. 8. Looks like you're using new Reddit on an old browser. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 11:28. AFAIK, research indicates a fatality of about a third of the population, which would be less than the black plague. The decline in the population over the long run greatly weakened the economy and made it more difficult to guard the frontier. Antonine Plague: This is sometimes referred to as the Plague of Galen. Epidemiology. , The epidemic had drastic social and political effects throughout the Roman Empire. To achieve this goal, two pandemic plagues, Antonine and The Black Death, will be historically examined in light of sound Christian teachings and perspectives. What Is Worse? The Antonine Plague savaged the Roman Empire in the late 2nd Century AD. 18 A mean fatality-rate of 25-30% is sometimes suggested. The Antonine Plague struck during the reign of Marcus Aurelius in the late 160s.  The plague may have claimed the life of a Roman emperor, Lucius Verus, who died in 169 and was the co-regent of Marcus Aurelius. The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (from the name of the Greek physician living in the Roman Empire who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought back to the Roman Empire by troops returning from campaigns in the Near East. This is a somewhat more serious subreddit compared to many others. Dominic Perring, “Two Studies on Roman London. AFAIK, research indicates a fatality of about a third of the population, which would be less than the black plague. Galen briefly records observations and a description of the epidemic in the treatise Methodus Medendi, and his other references to it are scattered among his voluminous writings. Others experienced red and black papules on the skin, foul breath, and black diarrhea. Feel free to submit interesting articles, tell us about this cool book you just read, or start a discussion about who everyone's favorite figure of minor French nobility is! Black Plague (1347-1352) Justinian’s plague (540-542) Spanish flu or Influenza (1918-1919) Smallpox and Native Americans (518 -1650) Antonine plague (165-166) The Asian flu (1956-1957) The smallpox epidemic in India (mid-1970s) Cholera (1926-1832) The Great Plague in London (1664-1665) The plague of Athens (-430 to -426 BC) AIDS (1981-present) Lucian of Samosata's irony-laden account of the charlatan Alexander of Abonoteichus records a verse of his "which he despatched to all the nations during the pestilence... was to be seen written over doorways everywhere", particularly in the houses that were emptied, Lucian further remarks. The spread of the epidemic was favoured by the occurrence of two military episodes i … All of the terms people keep throwing around need to be defined. It was carried over the Mediterranean Sea from Egypt, a recently conquered land paying tribute to Emperor Justinian in grain. The swift spread of the disease continues to astonish historians and epidemiologists. The disease broke out again nine years later, according to the Roman historian Dio Cassius (155–235), … As he lay dying, he uttered the words, "Weep not for me; think rather of the pestilence and the deaths of so many others." In 1331, Mongol Khans ruled most of Asia, and large swaths of Europe and Middle East. The Antonine Plague of 165 to 180 AD, also known as the Plague of Galen (after Galen, the physician who described it), was an ancient pandemic brought to the Roman Empire by troops who were returning from campaigns in the Near East. The information that was provided by Galen did not clearly define the nature of the disease, but scholars have generally preferred to diagnose it as smallpox. 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