An investigator proposing to use deception or incomplete disclosure should justify its use in the IRB-1 protocol application. Zimbardo was not a bad person, quite the opposite, but this infamous experiment highlighted the danger of mixing deception and research. 3. Some participants were told that if they wer… In terms of the ethical code governing deception and research, it could be argued that the experiment could be performed in no other way, as previous attempts showed. The applicants were selected after careful psychological evaluation. Corvallis, OR 97331-2140irb@oregonstate.eduPhone: (541) 737-8008, Research Office • Whenever appropriate, the subjects will be provided with additional pertinent information after participation. If, in order to counter the demand effect, researchers cannot disclose their research hypotheses, the failure to disclose is not considered deception. Looking back, with hindsight, there was not enough information given to prisoners and guards beforehand, and reasonable consent was not possible. Phone 541-737-3467 Establish a behavioural base line. For most studies, the informed consent policy is used - when not used, an ethical committee must approve that the deception does not cause harm or distrust of research. Interesting blog topic and one that really gets me thinking. However, there are some types of research that cannot be carried out without at least some element of deception. §46.116(d) An IRB may approve a consent procedure which does not include, or which alters, some or all of the elements of informed consent set forth in this section, or waive the requirements to obtain informed consent provided the IRB finds and documents that: • The research involves no more than minimal risk to the subjects; • The waiver or alteration will not adversely affect the rights and welfare of the subjects; • The research could not practicably be carried out without the waiver or alteration; and. The researcher should avoid deceiving participants about the nature of the research unless there is no alternative – and even then this would need to be judged acceptable by an independent expert. Self-deception is the process of lying to ourselves without realizing that we are doing it. Possibly the gravest mistake he made was not pre-testing the participants, and the way that the advert was worded may have garnered responses from people more inclined towards masochistic and controlling behavior. The results of the experiment determined that people were generally very helpful, although a little more reluctant to help a drunk. This project has received funding from the, Select from one of the other courses available, https://explorable.com/deception-and-research, Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), Informed Consent Policy - Avoiding Deception in Research, Tuskegee Syphilis Study - Research without Empathy, Ethics in Research - How Morals and Ethics Affect Research, Stanford Prison Experiment - Roles Define Your Behavior. The BBC experiment, in 2002, tried to replicate the Stanford Prison Experiment, but used different techniques and ethical codes. 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