The MaastrichtSydromedescibes a lasting, location-dependent sexual low which is supposedly caused by external factors such as stress, work overload, lack of potential sex buddies or other turn-off forces linked to the environment. It is the capital and largest city of the province of Limburg. Maastricht is a city of linguistic diversity, partly as a result of its location at the crossroads of multiple language areas and its international student population. Fragments of provincial Roman sculptures, as well as coins, jewellery, glass, pottery and other objects from Roman Maastricht are on display in the exhibition space of the city's public library (Centre Céramique). In 1991, the ...: Learn more. Only Arriva also calls at Maastricht Noord, which opened in 2013. Take our quick quizzes to practise your vocabulary. It was made the capital of the newly formed Province of Limburg (1815–1839). However, being wedged between Germany and Belgium, it received large numbers of refugees, putting a strain on the city's resources. In connection with the coronavirus, our services have been adjusted. The town was an important centre for trade and manufacturing. Construction of a two-level tunnel designed to solve these problems started in 2011 and was opened (in stages) by December 2016.[45]. Maastricht is known in the Netherlands and beyond for its lively squares, narrow streets, and historic buildings. Maastricht, like many other border towns, has seen a growing influx of 'drug tourists', mainly young people from Belgium, France and Germany, who provide a large amount of revenue for the coffeeshops (around 13) in the city centre. Its purpose was to further European integration. Maastricht painters were praised by Wolfram von Eschenbach in his Parzival. As elsewhere in the Netherlands, the majority of Maastricht Jews died in Nazi concentration camps.[18]. The neighbourhoods of Itteren, Borgharen, Limmel, Amby, Heer, Heugem, Scharn, Oud-Caberg, Sint Pieter and Wolder all used to be separate municipalities or villages until they were annexed by the city of Maastricht in the course of the 20th century. The A2 motorway runs through Maastricht in a double-decked tunnel. The municipal government of Maastricht consists of a city council, a mayor and a number of aldermen. After the Napoleonic era, Maastricht became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815. During this siege, Vauban, the famous French military engineer, developed a new tactic in order to break down the strong fortifications surrounding Maastricht. n. (Placename) a city in the SE Netherlands near the Belgian and German borders: capital of Limburg province, on the River Maas (Meuse); a European Community treaty ( Maastricht Treaty) was signed here in 1992, setting out the terms for the creation of the European Union. The city has 1,677 national heritage buildings (rijksmonumenten), more than any Dutch city outside Amsterdam. It is not known when the Romans arrived in Maastricht, or whether the settlement was founded by them. Two Labour aldermen were appointed, along with one Christian Democrat and one Green alderman. Maastricht Romanesque stone sculpture and silversmithing are regarded as highlights of Mosan art. [19] Since 1988, The European Fine Art Fair, regarded as the world's leading art fair, annually draws in some of the wealthiest art collectors. The Romans built a bridge across the Meuse in the 1st century AD, during the reign of Augustus Caesar. On 16 December 2010, the Court of Justice of the European Union upheld a local Maastricht ban on the sale of cannabis to foreign tourists, restricting entrance to coffeeshops to residents of Maastricht. When the southern provinces of the newly formed kingdom seceded in 1830, the Dutch garrison in Maastricht remained loyal to the Dutch king, William I, even when most of the inhabitants of the town and the surrounding area sided with the Belgian revolutionaries. What is the definition of Maastricht? European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. On February 7th 1992 the Maastricht Treaty was signed. 3.108 – From the accounting balance of social security basic schemes to the deficit of Social security funds (S1314) according to the Maastricht definition (Billions euros) French troops occupied Maastricht from 1673 to 1678. It was more properly called the Treaty on European Union, and was signed in Maastricht by the then members of the European Economic Community. In 2011, the Dutch government introduced a similar national system, the wietpas ("cannabis pass"), restricting access to Dutch coffeeshops to residents of the Netherlands. After the previous mayor, Gerd Leers (CDA), decided to step down in January 2010 following the 'Bulgarian Villa' affair, an affair concerning a holiday villa project in Byala, Bulgaria, in which the mayor was alleged to have been involved in shady deals to raise the value of villas he had ownership of. The other opposition parties in the current city council are the Socialist Party (SP), the Democrats (D66) and two local parties (Stadsbelangen Mestreech (SBM) and the Seniorenpartij). We have thousands of six-question quizzes to try. Various bus companies such as Flixbus and Eurolines provide intercity bus services from Maastricht to many European destinations. Of a later date are Palaeolithic remains, between 8,000 and 25,000 years old. [46], The Dutch and Flemish governments reached an agreement in 2014 to build a new tram route, the Hasselt – Maastricht tramway, as part of the larger Spartacus scheme. Translations. Maastricht is a city of linguistic diversity, partly as a result of its location at the crossroads of multiple language areas and its international student population. The treaty established a European Union (EU), with EU citizenship granted to every person who was a citizen of a member state. The outlying areas of the following municipalities are bordering the municipality of Maastricht directly. European union after Minsk and Maastricht. [43] The ban did not affect scientific or medical usage. Further large-scale projects, such as the redevelopment of the area around the A2 motorway, the Sphinx Quarter and the Belvédère area are under construction. Maastricht's main sights include: Furthermore, the Maastricht Exposition and Congress Centre (MECC) hosts many events throughout the year. In 1204 the city's dual authority was formalised in a treaty, with the prince-bishops of Liège and the dukes of Brabant holding joint sovereignty over the city. a city in the SE Netherlands near the Belgian and German borders: capital of Limburg province, on the River Maas ( Meuse ); a European Community treaty ( Maastricht Treaty) was signed here in 1992, setting out the terms for the creation of the European Union. The Maastricht Treaty heralded moves to create a common European currency, the Euro. Each neighbourhood has a number which corresponds to its postal code. A large part of the hill is now in use as an international golf course (Golfclub Maastricht). The regional Arriva bus network extends to most parts of South Limburg and Aachen (Germany). Up until July 1, 2015 the mayor of Maastricht was Onno Hoes, a Liberal (VVD), the only male mayor in the country, who officially was married to a male person. Derlon Museumkelder is a preserved archeological site in the basement of a hotel with Roman and pre-Roman remains. Since 1998, Maastricht has been the traditional starting place of the annual, Since 2000, Maastricht has been the first city in the Netherlands with a, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 22:04. They provide an increasing number of employment opportunities for expats living in the Maastricht area. On 25 June 1673, while preparing to storm the city, captain-lieutenant Charles de Batz de Castelmore, also known as the comte d'Artagnan, was killed by a musket shot outside the Tongerse Poort. We've got you covered with our map collection. Maestricht. A small section of the old westbound railway to Hasselt (Belgium) was restored in recent years and will be used as a modern tramline, scheduled to open in 2023. Intercity trains northwards to Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Den Bosch and Utrecht are operated by Dutch Railways. 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