Amen. 2004) in The Conservative Theological Journal, vol. Besides this, the people on whom these judgments fall do not respond by repenting.28, Israel must, indeed, be dumb if one asks them today: Tell me, pray: How can it be that the Eternal sent the fathers out of their land into captivity in Babylon for only seventy years, on account of all the abominations and idolatry by which they for centuries defiled the Holy Land:—and now Israel has been dispersed among all peoples for over eighteen hundred years, and Jerusalem, the city of the great King, is trodden down by the nations until this day? Jesus sent this message by his *angel to his servant John. The “cloud,” then, may be the cloud of the Shekinah, which led the children of Israel out of Egypt and through the desert, and which overshadowed the Tabernacle and the Temple (Ex. Revelation 1:7; Commentary, Greetings and Doxology Continued 1:7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye will see Him, and they also which pierced Him: and all the kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. 8:13+; Rev. 7 Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. If one seeks evidence for how far astray interpretation can go where the meaning of a passage is entirely reversed from its intended meaning, one can do no better than the preterist interpretation of Zechariah Zec. 20 Merrill F. Unger, Unger’s Commentary on the Old Testament (Chattanooga, TN: AMG Publishers, 2002), 2040. 7 Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, The Footsteps of Messiah, rev ed. What does a localized judgment hundreds of miles away have to do with the seven churches of Asia? 9:15-16; 2Chr. 25 Preterists respond to this evidence from the Septuagint by noting that where the Septuagint renders “tribes” as φυλαι [phylai] , the underlying Hebrew is מִשְׁפְּחֹת [mišpeḥōṯ] - a different Hebrew word from the more frequently encountered word for “tribe” which describes Israel: שֵׁבֶת [šēḇeṯ] . 1:1+;Rev. Why would these additional qualifiers be necessary if φυλαι [phylai] always referred to Israelite tribes as preterists claim? 17 Robert Laird Harris, Gleason Leonard Archer, and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1999, c1980), s.v. Hear Him!”. . “Another hermeneutical shortcoming of preterism relates to the limiting of the promised coming of Christ in Rev. 1 “The first messiah, ‘Messiah son of Joseph,’ who suffered in Egypt would come to suffer and die to fulfill the servant passages [Isa. 3:11+ which clarifies the distinction between the throne of the Father versus the throne of the Son. The scope of the judgments of the book is also worldwide, not localized (e.g., Rev. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn. 40:34; Num. 16:15+; Rev. 7 "Look, he is coming with the clouds," and "every eye will see him, even those who pierced him"; and all peoples on earth "will mourn because of him." 13:21-22; Ex. The latter half of verse five shows what He is to the church. Thomas, Robert L. Revelation 1–7: An Exegetical Commentary. 1:7 +) as being all Israel-not a subset specifically held responsible for the crucifixion of Messiah from among a larger group of Jews. Jesus came the first time in humiliation; He will return in exaltation. Zec. 13:14+ [twice]; Rev. Revelation 1-7 : An Exegetical Commentary: Robert L. Thomas (9780802492654): Free Delivery at Eden.co.uk Here, Zechariah identifies “they who pierced” (Revelation Rev. And it follows . 13 Gary DeMar, Last Days Madness (Atlanta, GA: American Vision, 1994), 162. 7:13, which also refers to the eschatological deliverance, not judgment of Israel.27, The weightiest consideration of all appears to be the worldwide scope of the book. 27 (Fort Worth, TX: Tyndale Theological Seminary, August 2005)]. Still upon the earth in mortal bodies that need the protection of God. of Revelation 1-7, 8-22 Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary by Robert L. Thomas. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. 14:17).”—Thomas Ice, “Preterist ‘Time Texts’,” in Tim LaHaye and Thomas Ice, eds., The End Times Controversy (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2003), 99. John uses two long chapters in addressing those churches regarding the implications of the coming of Christ for them. Rev. . . First, Zechariah Zec. So shall it be! Zec. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. . 22:20+ [twice]), seven coming from the lips of Christ Himself (Rev. 1K. 3 John MacArthur, Revelation 1-11 : The MacArthur New Testament Commentary (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1999), Rev. 12:10 [emphasis added], The recipients of the spiritual blessing [identical with those who mourn] will be (1) “the house of David,” through whom the promise of the Messianic-Davidic Kingdom was made (2S. And all the tribes of the earth will mourn because of Him. I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.”, “house of Israel, not to many people of unfamiliar speech”, “must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings”, “Preterists such as Gentry do see some passages that have ‘cloud language’ as referring to the Second Coming (Acts. S So shall it be! 51:9; cf. He came the first time as the suffering servant; He will return as the conquering king. The current verse obviously is the theme verse for the whole book.6, the Shechinah Glory is the visible manifestation of the presence of God. Zec. 2Chr. Rev. Jer. 12:12 and that the “tribes” in Rev. The fact is that the Septuagint, translated by Hebrew rabbinical scholars familiar with the use of Greek in times much nearer to the NT than our own, renders two different Hebrew words-denoting both Jewish tribes and non-Jewish tribes or families-as φυλαι [phylai] This leads us to conclude that φυλαι [phylai] is not a technical term denoting only Jewish tribes. It is the majestic presence or manifestation of God in which He descends to dwell among men. Rev. The observation that the Septuagint renders both shebet and מִשְׁפְּחֹת [mišpeḥōṯ] by φυλαι [phylai] (“tribes”) provides further evidence against the preterist contention that φυλαι [phylai] is a technical term which always denotes Israelite tribes. 9 Merrill C. Tenney, Interpreting Revelation (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1957), 121. I have found this commentary to be extremely useful for my study and for my teaching. They claim that by rendering both שֵׁבֶת [šēḇeṯ] and מִשְׁפְּחֹת [mišpeḥōṯ] as “tribes,” the Septuagint loses the precision of the underlying Hebrew text. 30 Frederick William Danker and Walter Bauer, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2000). 1:7+ to Judea [the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD]. 53:4). 11 Even preterists admit that some cloud coming passages relate to the Second Coming. 12:10 but this Isa. It’s a seal of belonging, a … 12 An awkward reality for preterists is the reestablishment of the Jewish state in the Promised Land. . Ex. 2:16+; Rev. Get back to the roots on Revelation. I highly recommend this commentary. 27 Beale, The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text, 26. Context Summary Revelation 1:4–8 identifies John's audience as the seven churches in Asia. It is the death knell of their gaieties and pleasures—the turning of their confidence to consternation—the conversion of their songs to shrieks of horror and despair. These works of faith are more precisely defined as “your labor and perseverance.” Isa. Consist of a specific number. Cyril Barber - The Minister's Library (Volume 3) - Continues the excellent work begun by Thomas in his first volume. is similar to that in Isa. There is a day coming, when “the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of man shall be made low;” [Isa. We agree, but what does it have to do with the evidence before us? Chicago: Moody, 1995. Bible Commentary for Revelation 1:7. 3:11+; Rev. Isa. 22:12+, Rev. 1:7 Behold - In this and the next verse is the proposition, and the summary of the whole book. It is situated on lower ground than the ancient city, and lieth about forty-five miles northward of Ephesus. 4:13-17)”—Thomas Ice, “Hermeneutics and Bible Prophecy,” in Tim LaHaye and Thomas Ice, eds., The End Times Controversy (Eugene, OR: Harvest House Publishers, 2003), 79. After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands, and crying out with a loud voice, saying, “Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!”a. And yet it is precisely its sin against its Messiah that is indeed the root of Israel’s misery.31, Brethren, I do not wonder that worldlings and half-Christians have no love of this doctrine, or that they hate to hear about Christ’s speedy coming. . “449a.”, 18 “In the messianic passage Isa. King Solomon got it right when he said, “Where there is no revelation, the people cast off restraint…” (Proverbs 29:18). This is a very informative and detailed commentary on the Book of Revelation written from a premillennial dispensationalist viewpoint. Rev. After identifying Himself to the Ephesians, Jesus begins His letter by informing the church that He knew their works, both collectively and individually (Revelation 2:2-3).He knew their attitudes, thoughts, desires, goals - everything about them! A great multitude which no one can number. This kingdom was prophesied to receive a “deadly wound” before rising again prior to the end of this age ( Revelation 13:1, 3 ). Rev. Read Introduction to Revelation “Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every eye will see Him, even they who pierced Him. He would then establish His Kingdom to rule and to reign.”—Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Messianic Christology (Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 1998), 57. Jesus is coming in glory, John declares, and His coming will be visible to everyone. Add To Cart Add To Wishlist. Proud member 4:8+; Rev. Rev. “The verb form .”. 1:7. This book is therefore all about the manifestation, the coming, the appearing of Jesus Christ. “Another hermeneutical shortcoming of preterism relates to the limiting of the promised coming of Christ in Rev. It is a common biblical metaphor.”, “And all the people answered and said, ‘His blood [be] on us and on our children.’ ”, “You don’t put kings on crosses, you put them on thrones!”, “drive through, pierce, stab, run through, i.e., make physical impact with a sharp implement”, “John is the only one of the Evangelists who records the piercing of Christ’s side. 16:15+; Rev. Throughout this book, whenever it is said, He cometh, it means his glorious coming. 21 Carl Friedrich Keil and Franz Delitzsch, Commentary on the Old Testament (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2002), 10:609. All rights reserved. 17:8+) are the objects of the wrath that is pictured in its pages, and evidence points to the multi-ethnic nature of this group. This is a seal of identification. 14:17).”—Gregory K. Beale, The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1999), 26. Revelation 2:1-7. 12:1 through 14. 51:4 and Lam. 144,000 of 7:1-8. This use of the present tense enhances emphasis on the imminence of that coming (cf. Zec. This response of the preterists is simply a smoke screen, which when considered carefully, actually supports the opposite conclusion. This … 5 A. T. Robertson, Robertson’s Word Pictures in Six Volumes (Escondido, CA: Ephesians Four Group, 2003), s.v. Revelation 21:1-7 Where There’s Vision, There’s Hope. Revelation 1:7. 4:9 דָקַר [ḏāqar] is used as a synonym of הָלַל [hālal] .”—Ibid., s.v. Ephesus was on the coast of Ionia, one mile northeast of the present-day town of Selcuk in the Izmir Province of Turkey. 0 Reviews. Robert L. Thomas. 19 A. R. Fausset, “The Revelation of St. John the Divine,” in Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset, and David Brown, A Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Old and New Testaments (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997, 1877), Rev. 1Th. 1K. ‘pierced by the sword’ (Pual, Eze. “Those who dwell on the earth” (Rev. But just as in v. 8 the house of David is mentioned emphatically along with these was the princely family and representative of the ruling class, so is it also in v. 10, for the purpose of expressing the thought that the same salvation is to be enjoyed by the whole nation, in all its ranks, from the first to the last.21, [preterists conclude] that “earth” means the land of Israel, as in Zec. For instance, the promise to shield the Philadelphian church from judgment (Rev. “It has been estimated that one out of every twenty-five verses in the New Testament refers to the Second Coming.”, “This is My beloved Son in whom I am well pleased. Num. In fact, there are some striking parallels between Revelation and John's other works. To authenticate. Jesus' well-known Olivet Prophecy contains probably the most familiar description of Christ's return: Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 16 Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages With Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament), Rev. If you want to learn more about the history of the city of Ephesus and the other six cities, there are many online resources available. In Jer. 15 “The choice of ἐκκεντέω [ekkenteō] to render the Hebrew דָּקַר [dāqar] of Zec. 22 “The problem with interpreting Revelation Rev. Only John's gospel and Revelation refer to Jesus Christ as the Word (19:13; John 1:1). Revelation 1 Revelation 1:8 Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. Moody Press, 1992 - Religion - 524 pages. 14:6+; Rev. Isa. . He came the first time to be killed; He will return to kill His enemies. 3:11+; Rev. 2 “As described in Talmud (Sanhedrin 98a): ‘Rabbi Joseph the son of Levi objects that it is written in one place “Behold one like the son of man comes with the clouds of heaven,” but in another place it is written “lowly and riding upon an ass.” The solution is, if they be righteous he shall come with the clouds of heaven, but if they not be righteous he shall come lowly riding upon an ass.’ ’ ”—Ibid., 66. 22:7+, Rev. 11:10+ [twice]; Rev. It can have different meanings which are dependent upon the context. The old world, with all its troubles and tumults, will have passed away. Revelation 2:8-9. And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna — “Smyrna was the nearest city to Ephesus, and for that reason probably was addressed in the second place. 53:5 uses another verb (דָקַר [ḏāqar] ) ‘pierced through fatally’ (usually in retribution). Summary: Written in the early to mid 1990’s, Thomas’ two-volume Revelation commentary is perhaps the most in-depth exegetical commentary on the Greek … Both uses differ from the LXX’s obviously erroneous choice of κατορχέω [katorcheō] to render the same Hebrew word.”—Thomas, Revelation 1-7, 82. Isa. So it is to be. 72:17; Zec. 71:17; Zec. 2:11, Isa. 49:1-26; Isa. 10 See Revelation Rev. Dictionary of Biblical Languages With Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament), The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 29 See [Tony Garland, “Revelation 1:7 - Past or Future?,” (n.p. Clarke's Revelation 1:7 Bible Commentary Behold, he cometh with clouds - This relates to his coming to execute judgment on the enemies of his religion; perhaps to his coming to destroy Jerusalem, as he was to be particularly manifested to them that pierced him, … 8 James Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages With Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament), electronic ed. ◄ Revelation 1:7 ► Behold, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him—even those who pierced Him. 2S. As explained in our article “Mark of the Beast,” the beast in the book of Revelation is a continuation of the fourth great historical empire (the Roman Empire) prophesied in Daniel 7:1-8. The Hebrew word Shechinah, from the root shachan, means “to dwell.” The Greek word skeinei, which is similar in sound as the Hebrew Shechinah (Greek has no “sh” sound), means “to tabernacle” . Zec. 7:2-3).9, And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. 2:5+, Rev. Furthermore, the Zechariah citation is combined with Dan. The Poel form used . from this, that in v. 8 also the expression “inhabitants of Jerusalem” is simply an individualizing epithet for the whole of the covenant nation. In the Old Testament, most of these visible manifestations took the form of light, fire, or cloud, or a combination of these. 2:5+, Rev. 13:8+, Rev. 4:8+; Rev. Title: Revelation 1-7: An Exegetical Commentary By: Robert L. Thomas Format: Hardcover Number of Pages: 524 Vendor: Moody Publishers Publication Date: 1994: Dimensions: 6 X 9 X 1 1/2 (inches) Weight: 1 pound 15 ounces ISBN: 0802492657 ISBN-13: 9780802492654 Stock No: WW92657: Related Products. 13:12+, Rev. 53:5, ‘wounded’ (KJV margin ‘tormented’; jb ‘pierced through’) follows the divine smiting (Isa. (Read Revelation 21:1-8) The new heaven and the new earth will not be separate from each other; the earth of the saints, their glorified, bodies, will be heavenly. The same word appears frequently in the Epistles and is translated "manifestation" (Romans 8:19), "coming" (1 Corinthians 1:7), "revealed" (2 Thessalonians 1:7), "appearing" (1 Peter 1:7), "revelation" (1 Peter 1:13). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Through the centuries since its writing, the book of Revelation has captured the fascination of the Christian church. Eze. “I was watching in the night visions, and behold, “The crucifiers would see Him coming in judgment—that is, they would, “Equating ‘seeing’ with ‘understanding’ is not Scripture twisting. Rev. 1:7. Even so, Amen“ Verse five describes what Jesus is in Himself. (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, 1997), Rev. The Multitude of 7:9-17. . Thomas, Robert L. Revelation 8–22: An Exegetical Commentary. The usual title found in Scriptures for the Shechinah Glory is the glory of Jehovah, or the glory of the Lord. 6:10+; Rev. Revelation (1:7), and John's gospel (19:37), translate (Zech. Are Israelites only, 12,000 from the 12 tribes of Israel. 32 Having personally sat with those in their dying days who continue to reject God’s free and gracious offer of salvation when they have nothing to lose and everything to gain, we have gained a genuine appreciation regarding the fearful consequences of the continual rejection of the gospel offer. Revelation 1-7: An Exegetical Commentary. Rev. The Hebrew form is Kvod Adonai, which means “the glory of Jehovah” and describes what the Shechinah Glory is. Rev. What, then, is the great and terrible blood-guiltiness which perpetually prevents you from dwelling in peace in the land of your fathers?—But Israel is not willing to know! “#660.”. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The Lord Jesus solemnly and authoritatively declares to the Ephesian church, “I know your deeds.” He is referring to the works that their faith was producing (note 1 Thessalonians 1:3). This first volume in Robert L. Thomas’s Exegetical Commentary on Revelation covers chapters 1–7. , καὶ τότε μετανοήσουσιν, ὅτε οὐδὲν ὠφελήσουσι, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Wesley's Notes for Revelation 1:7. 12:1 prophecy. 3:10+; Rev. 2:17]33. v2 John was a witness of the word of God and of Jesus Christ. “Seal” To mark with a seal. . The idea is that Christ is already on His way, i.e., He is in the process of coming and hence will arrive. 17:2+, Rev. “Preterists such as Gentry do see some passages that have ‘cloud language’ as referring to the Second Coming (Acts Acts 1:9-11; 1Th. . Zec. Ps. 1:7+ adds strength to the case that the two books had the same author. Dr. Philip W. McLarty. Ephesus was uninhabited by the 15th century. 23 The distinction between Abraham’s seed and all the families of the earth makes plain that the families are a superset beyond the physical seed. It includes a detailed introduction that includes a discussion on authorship, analysis into dating the Book of Revelation, thoughts on literary genre and hermeneutical guidelines for interpreting Revelation. 24 “ ‘all the tribes of the earth’ refers to all nations in every one of its Septuagint occurrences (πα῀σαι αἱ φυλαὶ τῆς γῆς [pasai hai phylai tēs gēs] , Gen. Gen. 12:3; Gen. 28:14; Ps. 32:26). 31 Erich Sauer, The Dawn of World Redemption (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s Publishing Company, 1951, c1964), 118-119. Even so, Amen. 6 Robert L. Thomas, Revelation 1-7 (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1992), 76. 12:10 in John John 19:37 and Rev. Salem Media Group. 53:1]. “Look, he is coming with the clouds,” and “every eye will see him, even those who pierced him”; and all peoples on earth “will mourn because of him.” So shall it be! Or Future?, ” ( n.p coming will be visible to everyone Gary DeMar, Last Days Madness Atlanta! Jesus sent this message by his * angel to his servant John on lower ground than the ancient city and! To reset your password referring to the limiting of the earth will mourn because of Him identifies they! 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