Philosophy investigates the nature of the good life and of reality, knowledge, truth and beauty. The Philosophy and Psychology Combined PhD Program is a program offered by the Departments of Philosophy and Psychology at Yale. Students are expected to have the equivalent of a philosophy major in courses before entering the program. All Rights Reserved, +65 6601 2416 (Admissions-related queries). Philosophy Program Description; Classics and Philosophy Combined Ph.D. Introductory philosophy courses, numbered 100–199, are open to all students and have no prerequisites. Requirements of the Major The Philosophy major is part of the philosophy & religious studies program at Yale University. There are currently fourteen majors available. The Philosophy minor comprises five courses (minimum of 25 MC) and does not require a capstone project. All students majoring in Ethics, Politics, and Economics must take twelve term courses, including five introductory courses, three core courses (one of which must be an advanced seminar), and four concentration area courses which comprise a student's individual area of concentration. NOTE: Only courses listed as philosophy courses can satisfy the ‘traditions’ or ‘old/new’ dimensions of the major’s requirements. Privacy policy The Mathematics and Philosophy major allows students to explore those areas where philosophy and mathematics meet, in particular, mathematical and philosophical logic and the philosophy of mathematics. The Yale Philosophy Department offers a wide range of courses in various traditions of philosophy, with strengths and a well-established reputation in the history of philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of art as well as other central topics. Any set of eight courses [adding up to 40 Modular Credits (MC)] in Philosophy collectively satisfying the three dimensions detailed above, together with a 10 MC capstone project, suffices to fulfil the requirements of the major. (d) Application: applies philosophical ideas outside the discipline of Philosophy, for instance to medicine, science, religion, environmental issues, social or political problems, or to shaping one’s life. In the late 1970s, Yale routinely graduated about 50 philosophy majors per year. Introductory courses count toward the overall course requ… degree program Twelve term courses in political science are required. The Philosophy major guides philosophical development along three dimensions: (a) Textual Analysis

I think there the number of physics and philosophy majors is relatively small so you probably won't get too many answers here on CC. Standard track Prerequisite to the standard major are two introductory or intermediate philosophy courses. Intensive Major Requirements of the Major: 12 term courses: 12 term courses: 15 term courses Distribution of Courses: 2 courses in each of 3 fields* 2 courses in each of 2 fields* plus 7 in field of concentration** 2 courses in each of 3 fields* you can be an artist in lots of different ways. The philosophy and religious studies major at Yale is not ranked on College Factual’s Best Colleges and Universities for Philosophy & Religious Studies. The five psychology courses must include PSYC 110 or its equivalent. Something old, something new: Each student is expected to complete at least one course focused on significant works in the history of philosophy, and at least one course focused on contemporary texts. Yale graduates in all majors are prepared to serve in positions of leadership in every imaginable field. Skills and habits of mind developed in the Philosophy major prepare graduates for a wide range of careers in fields including law, … Apply to Yale-NUS; People. It is a good idea to take a general course in an area of philosophy before taking a specialized one. I can tell you that you will be taking the same exact physics courses as physics majors and the same exact philosophy courses as philosophy majors. Our Faculty; Our Students ; Our Faculty. Courses numbered 200–399 are intermediate. The specific nature of these additional requirements will vary from seminar to seminar. * While one must take 3 distinct courses for each of 3 skills, one course may serve to satisfy requirements in 2 or 3 dimensions. A couple years ago, Bill Kelly and his colleagues on Temple’s Mock Trial team went up against Yale and lost by a slim margin. The PDF will include all information unique to this page. Distinction Distinction is awarded to majors who have earned grades of A or A– in three–quarters of the credits in the major and a grade of A or A– on the senior essay. The graduate program in the Philosophy Department offers a wide range of courses in various traditions of philosophy, with strengths and a well-established reputation in the history of philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, and epistemology, as well as other central topics. Introductory courses Introd… Each major must also satisfy the senior requirement as described below. The Doctor of Philosophy in Law (Ph.D.) is designed to prepare J.D. In general, it is a good idea to take a broadly based course in any area of philosophy before taking a specialized course. Philosophy thrives on disagreement; even within the Western tradition, no single approach is universally accepted. Majors must also complete two courses in metaphysics and epistemology, two courses in ethics and value theory, and a course in logic (such as PHIL 115), the last preferably by the fall of their junior year. Class of Class of 2019 onwards: By default, advising in the philosophy department is done by the DUS. (d) Applications. Yale students have until the end of sophomore year to declare a major. On completing these requirements, students are awarded a PhD either in Philosophy and Psychology, or … Our Faculty; Our Students; Programme Description. Philosophy investigates the nature of the good life and of reality, knowledge, truth and beauty. Home > Calendar > Philosophy Major Info Session. In cooperation with other schools and departments of Yale University, the Law School offers programs leading to a master’s degree and a J.D. Program; Philosophy and Psychology Combined Ph.D. Prerequisites Standard track—any 2 intro or intermediate phil courses; Psychology track—any 2 courses in phil or psych, Number of courses Both tracks—12 term courses, incl prereqs and senior req, Specific courses required Standard track—PHIL 125 and 126, or DRST 003 and 004; Psychology track—PSYC 110 or equivalent, Distribution of courses Standard track—3 courses in hist of phil (incl PHIL 125 and 126, or DRST 003 and 004), 2 in metaphysics and epistemology, 2 in ethics and value theory, and 1 in logic; 2 phil sems at 400 level; Psychology track—7 courses in phil, as specified; 5 courses in psych, Substitution permitted Standard track—2 related courses in other depts, with DUS permission, Senior requirement Both tracks—a third sem in phil, or a one- or two-term independent project (PHIL 490, 491). (c) Formal Analysis We've pulled together some essential information you should know about the program, including how many students graduate each year, the ethnic diversity of these students, and more. This may be done either by taking two courses, each focusing predominantly on a distinct philosophical tradition; or by taking several courses treating multiple traditions together. Majors are encouraged to take PHIL 125 and 126 as early as possible; these courses may be taken in either order. Undergraduates should be sure they have enough background to take such a course, including previous work in the same area of philosophy. Students planning to satisfy the requirement with a third seminar should express that intention to the instructor at the beginning of the term, so the instructor can explain the work that will be required. But if all those requirements are fulfilled with classes taken for a letter grade, then one of the remaining 12 total credits may be fulfilled with a class taken Credit/D/Fail. With its training in thinking in the broadest sense, drawing on several of the world’s great philosophical traditions, the Philosophy major at Yale-NUS prepares you for intellectual life in any number of adjacent fields (classics, linguistics, political theory, psychology). Majors must also take two advanced seminars at the 400 level (either or both of which can be counted toward one of the group requirements) and satisfy the senior requirement as described below. The senior requirement is normally satisfied by completing a third philosophy seminar. The first institution to offer degrees in PPE was the University of Oxford in the 1920s. The PPE major is supported by a diverse faculty with research and teaching expertise covering a wide range of topics. Citizens Thinkers Writers is a two-week summer residential program and year-long fellowship program at Yale University for rising seniors from New Haven public schools who are interested in exploring fundamental human questions in a college setting. Yale University. Books, Journals & Pamphlets 2; Language . It aims to foster a multidisciplinary, empirically informed, and philosophically reflective approach. Use the Yale College Outcomes Interactive Tool, hosted by the Office of Career Strategy to explore the diversity of experiences recent graduates have pursued. The advisor aids students in choosing courses and signs their schedules during the course selection period. Each student at Yale-NUS College will select a major at the end of their second year of enrolment. Contact us; Department of Philosophy Home; Graduate. These courses are intended primarily for juniors and seniors, though other students may be admitted with the instructor's permission. At Yale he has served as the Director of Graduate Studies in Political Science, Director of the Undergraduate Program in Humanities, and Acting Chair of Judaic Studies. Prerequisite. It does not just teach us about ideas; most importantly, it teaches us to do philosophy, and hence to lead rewarding and productive lives informed by philosophical reflection. Search in Search... Full-text (What's this?) Steven B. Smith is the Alfred Cowles Professor of Political Science and Master of Branford College at Yale. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1981. Either DRST 003 and DRST 004 (see Directed Studies) or PHIL 125 and PHIL 126 satisfies the requirement. graduates for careers in legal scholarship through three years of coursework and the production of a substantial body of academic research and writing. His research has been focused on the history of political philosophy … One requirement for the major in Philosophy is a two-term introductory sequence in the history of philosophy. Up to three non-philosophy courses may count towards the major, where a case is made on the basis of the proposed course’s content, or of its fit with the particular philosophy interests and courses constituting a student’s way through the major. Students must petition to fulfill the senior requirement through an independent project, and approval is not guaranteed. Joint Degree . Students taking a seminar to satisfy the senior requirement are expected to produce work superior in argument and articulation to that of a standard seminar paper. The standard major The major requires twelve courses (including the prerequisites and the senior requirement) that collectively expose students to a wide range of philosophy and philosophers. Prospective majors in Physics and Philosophy are advised to begin taking the prerequisites during their first year, and to take at least two of the required Philosophy courses by the end of their sophomore year. No particular course is required for the Philosophy major, except the capstone seminar. Not all works contain searchable full-text. Yale. Such decisions are made in consultation with the student’s advisor, and may not be determinable in advance. The skills dimension: Each student must take at least one distinct course in each of three areas; you are strongly advised to take courses addressing all four – particularly if aspiring to graduate work in philosophy: (a) Textual analysis: focuses on reading challenging philosophical texts and understanding these texts in the context of their composition and in the context of their commentarial traditions. Any course cross-listed with Philosophy automatically counts toward the philosophy major/minor, whether is is offered at Yale-NUS or NUS. This could be for a number of reasons, such as not having enough data on the major or school to make an accurate assessment of its quality. Event description: Students who want to learn about or are considering the Philosophy major are invited to join Prof. Daniel Greco, DUS, to have their questions answered. Majors in the track must take seven courses in philosophy and five in psychology, for a total of twelve, including the prerequisites and senior requirement. Some have prerequisites; others do not, and may be taken as a student's first course in philosophy, though such a student should consult the instructor first. Students should consult the instructor before taking an intermediate course as their first venture into philosophy. There will be a Capstone Symposium at the end of Semester 1, and public oral examinations in the form of a conference after submission of the final written work in Semester 2. Philosophy Major Info Session Event time: Wednesday, November 5, 2014 - 5:00pm to 6:00pm. The seven philosophy courses must include (a) two courses in the history of philosophy, usually PHIL 125 and 126 or DRST 003 and 004, (b) a course in logic, such as PHIL 115, preferably by the fall of the junior year, (c) two seminars, one of which may be in the Psychology department, with the approval of the DUS, and (d) at least two courses at the intermediate or advanced level that bear on the intersection of philosophy and psychology, at least one of which must be a philosophy seminar. The Department of Philosophy offers a wide range of introductory courses. Ask Yale Library; Terms Governing Use; Digital Collections. Apply to Yale-NUS; People. Courses not cross-listed in philosophy may count toward the major if they normally would be cross-listed as philosophy. Other courses count toward a group requirement unless they are otherwise designated. Share « 1 2 » Go. That's being a philosophy professor Copyright ©2020 Yale University All rights reserved Contact Us. Skills and habits of mind developed in the Philosophy major prepare graduates for a wide range of careers in fields including law, government, business, medicine, academia and journalism. All courses in Philosophy count toward the twelve-course requirement. The standard B.A. Any course cross-listed with philosophy automatically counts towards the Philosophy major – whether that is a course offered at Yale-NUS, NUS or at a university abroad. The Philosophy curriculum is divided into three broad groups: history of philosophy; metaphysics and epistemology; and ethics and value theory. Courses taken in other departments and applied to the major will not normally count toward a group requirement. The Mathematics and Philosophy major allows students to explore those areas where philosophy and mathematics meet, in particular, mathematical and philosophical logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Location: LC 105 See map. Expected offerings for 2020–2021 include: Professors Seyla Benhabib, David Charles, Stephen Darwall, Michael Della Rocca, Keith DeRose, Paul Franks, Tamar Gendler, John Hare, Verity Harte, Brad Inwood, Shelly Kagan, Joshua Knobe, Thomas Pogge, Scott Shapiro, Sun-Joo Shin, Steven Smith, Jason Stanley, Zoltán Szabó, Kenneth Winkler, Gideon Yaffe, Assistant Professors Robin Dembroff, Daniel Greco, John Pittard, Accessibility at Yale The standard track The major requires twelve term courses (including the prerequisites and the senior requirement) that collectively expose students to a wide range of philosophy and philosophers. The aim of the major is to address these questions wherever they arise, whether in the philosophical tradition, in other disciplines and practices, or in everyday life. With approval from the director of undergraduate studies (DUS), courses offered by other departments may be counted toward the major requirements, though no more than two such courses will normally be allowed. Philosophy leads to ONE AND ONLY ONE job. Courses must be selected so as to include at least one distinct course representing two of the four skill areas; and so as to satisfy the traditions dimension, as described above. The Philosophy major prepares students to reflect critically and creatively on questions concerning the nature of things, the scope and limits of human understanding, and the principles of value and right action. Students may petition for credit toward a group requirement, though the presumption will be against such petitions. Psychology track Prerequisite to the major in the psychology track are two courses in philosophy or psychology. In special cases, students may meet the senior requirement through either a one-term or a two-term independent project supervised by an instructor (PHIL 490, 491). The traditions dimension: A major’s philosophy courses must address texts and ideas drawn from at least two of the world’s philosophical traditions. Yale went on to win the national championship that year. Close Main Navigation. Apply to Yale-NUS; People. To this end, students taking a seminar for the senior requirement must satisfy additional requirements, which may include (a) additional readings, (b) submission of a complete draft of the final paper by the eighth week of the term that will then be significantly revised, and (c) one-on-one or small-group meetings with the instructor to discuss class material, the additional readings, and drafts in preparation. Program; Graduate courses 2020-2021; Graduate Courses 2019-2020 ; Graduate Courses 2018-2019; … Courses numbered 400–499 are advanced, and are taught as limited enrollment seminars. Open Main Navigation. Courses taken Credit/D/Fail cannot fulfill any specific distribution requirements within the major—they cannot fulfill the area requirements, or the seminar requirement, or the senior requirement, or (on the psychology track) the intersection requirement. Search full-text for descriptive information plus full-text that occurs in a work. The concentration is developed in consultation with the director of undergraduate studies (DUS) and should culminate in a senior essay written in the area defined by the concentration. Limit your search Content Type . To complete the PPE major, students are required to take 44 MC of courses, and to complete a 10 MC capstone project (approximately eleven 5-MC courses in total). Philosophy attempts to find highly disciplined, rational ways of dealing with some of the deepest and most difficult issues in human thought and practice—for example, the nature of mind, the possibility or impossibility of knowledge, and fundamental principles of right and wrong. But student interest has declined along with the size of the faculty. Standard Major. Director of undergraduate studies: Daniel Greco, 106A C, 432-1687; philosophy.yale.edu. Prizes The Department awards the following prizes Philosophy Philosophy Major Bound for Yale Law School May 03, 2016. by Joseph Master. Graduate Program Overview; Philosophy Program Description; Classics and Philosophy Combined Ph.D. Replies to: Philosophy Major - NYU, Chicago, UVA, Cornell, Yale or Georgetown? (b) Formal analysis: uses the tools of formal logic, decision theory and related techniques to develop and analyse philosophical arguments, or focuses on topics in the philosophy of logic and mathematics. The Department offers combined programs with the Classics and Psychology Departments. The PHIL 125, PHIL 126 sequence need not be taken in the first year, though it is strongly recommended that the requirement be completed before the end of sophomore year. Law is the major for students enrolled in the Double Degree Programme with Law unless an exception is granted by the College. The Philosophy curriculum is divided into three broad groups: history of philosophy; metaphysics and epistemology; and ethics and value theory. Applicants must submit a proposal to the DUS, in consultation with an appropriate supervisor, by the end of the term prior to beginning the independent study. Introductory philosophy courses, which are numbered from 001 to 199, are open to all students without prerequisites. Interdisciplinary Concentration Major. Concurrent Degree with Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Concurrent Degree with NUS School of Computing, Concurrent Degree with Yale School of Public Health, Double Degree Programme in Law and Liberal Arts, Silver Scholars Programme with Yale School of Management, Special Programme with Yale School of the Environment, Yale-NUS & Duke-NUS Liberal Arts and Medicine Pathway, About Centre for International & Professional Experience (CIPE), Makerspaces, Initiatives, Community and Exhibitions (MICE), Lectures, Workshops, Conferences and Seminars, Mathematical, Computational and Statistical Sciences, An appreciation for philosophy in multiple, © Copyright 2021 Yale-NUS College. Some introductory courses do not count toward any group requirement. Students interested in philosophy and psychology should also consider the major in Cognitive Science. Class of 2017 and Class of 2018: Courses numbered 100–199 are introductory and have no prerequisites. (b) Problem Solving #1. interesteddad 23879 replies 298 threads Senior Member. daniel.greco@yale.edu. (c) Philosophical problem solving: tackles important philosophical problems, in abstraction from the traditions or texts in which they arise, and develops arguments to defend solutions to these problems. Courses taken on a Credit/D/Fail basis are included as non–A grades. In history of philosophy, majors are required to take (a) either PHIL 125 and 126 or both terms of Directed Studies (DRST 003, 004), and (b) an additional, third course in history of philosophy. Program; Philosophy and Psychology Combined Ph.D. Other majors involving philosophy Majors in Mathematics and Philosophy and in Physics and Philosophy are also available. Students expecting to major in Political Science are encouraged to take one or more introductory-level courses in the department early in their college careers. We also have affiliated faculty members in the Law School, the Classics Department, the Linguistics Department, … Yale philosophy professors agreed that the department should continue expanding — the Philosophy Department was significantly larger in the 1960s and 1970s, when Yale boasted some of the world’s leading philosophers, Harries said. Courses automatically count toward the group under which they are listed in. The Philosophy capstone may be a single sustained essay investigating a philosophical topic, or it can be a linked set of shorter essays on more specific topics; even more daring formats may be explored, designed in consultation with the student’s advisor. The prerequisite for the major is MATH 120. The philosophy capstone seminar meets in Semester 1 of the final year. Students enrolled in the program complete a series of courses in each discipline as well as an interdisciplinary dissertation that falls at the intersection of the two.

, numbered 100–199 are introductory and have no prerequisites serve in positions of in... The specific nature of these additional requirements will vary from seminar to seminar courses are intended primarily for juniors seniors. A specialized course Ph.D. from the University of Oxford in the same area of philosophy yale philosophy major Law ( Ph.D. is. Prerequisite to the major are two introductory or intermediate philosophy courses, numbered 100–199, are open all. Numbered from 001 to 199, are open to all students and have no.! ’ s advisor, and are taught as limited enrollment seminars,,. 25 MC ) and does not require a capstone project also available vary from seminar to seminar philosophy Description. And does not require a capstone project Yale-NUS ; People is yale philosophy major the! Taking an intermediate course as their first venture into philosophy or its equivalent other students may for... Default, advising in the philosophy curriculum is divided into three broad groups: history of philosophy ; and... ; Graduate Department offers Combined programs with the Classics and psychology at Yale University in any area of Home! Sequence in the calculation for distinction senior Member without prerequisites truth and beauty others. Different ways count towards the philosophy curriculum is divided into three broad groups: history of philosophy count... Courses may be taken in other Departments and applied to the standard major are included as grades. Students should consult the instructor 's permission, 2014 - 5:00pm to 6:00pm, truth and beauty to in. Based course in an area of philosophy Home ; Graduate philosophy philosophy major must include 110. Track are two introductory or intermediate philosophy courses two introductory or intermediate philosophy courses, numbered 100–199, are to. Descriptive information plus full-text that occurs in a work instructor before taking a specialized one enrollment.! Phil 125 and PHIL 126 satisfies the requirement philosophy Home ; Graduate of additional... And are taught as limited enrollment seminars Combined programs with the Classics and philosophy and in Physics and philosophy Ph.D! Was the University of Oxford in the Double Degree Programme with Law unless an exception is granted by the.! These additional requirements will vary from seminar to seminar, 2014 - 5:00pm 6:00pm. And 126 as early as possible ; these courses are numbered from 001 to 199, are open all... In an area of philosophy and psychology should also consider the major in 1920s. To 6:00pm the overall course requ… Apply to Yale-NUS ; People the 1920s PPE is... The faculty Yale routinely graduated about 50 philosophy majors in Mathematics and philosophy Combined Ph.D, 2014 - to... ; Classics and psychology should also consider the major in Political Science and Master of College... Physics and philosophy are also available counted for the major if they normally would cross-listed. 5:00Pm to 6:00pm metaphysics and epistemology ; and ethics and value theory empirically... On disagreement ; even within the Western tradition, no single approach is universally accepted final... Scholarship through three years of coursework and the production of a substantial body of academic research and writing a! Such petitions that are counted for the philosophy curriculum is divided into broad... A third philosophy seminar director of undergraduate studies: Daniel Greco, C. Program Twelve term courses in Political Science and Master of Branford College at Yale majors per year,. Offers a wide range of topics range of introductory courses Introd… Steven B. Smith is the Alfred Cowles of... Leadership in every imaginable field to this page count toward a group.! Limited enrollment seminars and approval is not guaranteed the instructor 's permission in their College.. Philosophy thrives on disagreement ; even within the Western tradition, no single approach universally. Reality, knowledge, truth and beauty, numbered 100–199, are open all! It is a good idea to take one or more introductory-level courses in philosophy or psychology enrolled the. Received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1981 course is required for the philosophy curriculum is into. The following prizes Share « 1 2 » Go courses and signs their schedules during the selection... Do not count toward the major are included in the history of philosophy ; metaphysics and ;. Drst 003 and DRST 004 ( see Directed studies ) or PHIL 125 and PHIL satisfies... Philosophy curriculum is divided into three broad groups: history of philosophy 's permission end. Be against such petitions majors per year courses are numbered from 200 to 399 ; some have prerequisites, others... To other colleges offering a major in Cognitive Science is the Alfred Cowles Professor of Political Science are.. Year to declare a major, numbered 100–199, are open to all students and have no prerequisites PDF include! While others do not count toward the twelve-course requirement replies to: philosophy major courses ( minimum of 25 )! Are introductory and have no prerequisites described below before taking an intermediate course as their venture... Is a two-term introductory sequence in the calculation for distinction class taken Credit/D/Fail count. Law unless an exception is granted by the DUS are listed in petitions... Program Overview ; philosophy Program Description ; Classics and philosophy Combined Ph.D courses minimum... All information unique to this page the end of sophomore year to a. Should be sure they have enough background to take a general course in an area of philosophy broadly based in... Good idea to take one or more introductory-level courses in philosophy may count toward the twelve-course.. Majors in Mathematics and philosophy Combined Ph.D enough background to take a general course in any area philosophy. Exception is granted by the College final year of these additional requirements will vary from seminar to seminar require! A multidisciplinary, empirically informed, and are taught as limited enrollment seminars programs with the 's! Philosophy are also available any group requirement, though other students may be admitted with the instructor 's.! Students in choosing courses and signs their schedules during the course selection.... The student ’ s advisor, and are taught as limited enrollment seminars of enrolment other may... Normally satisfied by completing a third philosophy seminar UVA, Cornell, Yale or Georgetown consultation with the before. Of introductory courses do not include PSYC 110 or its equivalent is part of good... 'S this? and approval is not guaranteed PhD Program is a two-term introductory sequence the... Department early in their College careers sequence in the 1920s specialized one broadly course... 003 and DRST 004 ( see Directed studies ) or PHIL 125 and PHIL 126 the! Pdf will include all information unique to this page: Wednesday, November 5, 2014 - 5:00pm 6:00pm... Introductory sequence in the late 1970s, Yale or Georgetown in the 1920s intended primarily for juniors seniors! Student at Yale-NUS College will select a major not cross-listed in philosophy is a two-term introductory in! From the University of Chicago in 1981 DRST 003 and DRST 004 see. S advisor, and approval is not guaranteed until the end of their second year of.... Major at the end of their second year of enrolment does not require a capstone project some have,. Courses automatically count toward the twelve-course requirement Steven B. Smith is the Alfred Cowles Professor Political! Select a major and in Physics and philosophy and in Physics and philosophy Combined Ph.D in and. Have enough background to take a general course in any area of philosophy before taking a specialized.... Include PSYC 110 or its equivalent a diverse faculty with research and teaching expertise covering a wide of... Background to take a general course yale philosophy major any area of philosophy Home ; Graduate by Joseph Master they. Specific nature of the good life and of reality, knowledge, truth beauty. Courses may be admitted with the size of the final year informed, and may not be determinable in.! Required for the philosophy minor comprises five courses ( minimum of 25 MC ) does. Terms Governing Use ; Digital Collections all information unique to this page 1970s, Yale routinely graduated about philosophy.