Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. The canal had four waterways including the Erie, the Champlain, Oswego, and the Cayuga-Seneca which travel through New York. That connection between the Hudson River in New York and Lake Erie became extremely important to Michigan, which at the time of its construction was on the road to statehood. The Erie Canal played an important role in New York state's history, and -- through its influence on local tourism -- could play an important role in its future as well. He says the Erie Canal was incredibly influential on the history of Michigan. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. It contributed to decrease the industrial North's dependence on the South, and in this way helped decrease the power of slavery, as it weakened the South. Goods from the west could be taken across the Great Lakes to Buffalo, then on the canal to Albany and New York City, and conceivably even to Europe. Erie Canal. The picture on the left shows the Genesee Falls in Rochester that provided power for flour mills It was significant because it connected Lake Erie and the Great Lakes system to the Hudson River, and thereby gave the western states direct access to the Atlantic Ocean without shipping goods downstream on the Mississippi River to New Orleans. Construction on the canal began on July 4, 1817 in Rome, NY, … The canal had four waterways including the Erie, the Champlain, Oswego, and the Cayuga-Seneca which travel through New York. “Plus, they were expensive to build and maintain and had to be closed in the winter, so the railroad eventually took on a lot of the transportation function of the canals.”. By providing a direct water route to the Midwest, the canal triggered large-scale emigration to the sparsely populated frontiers of western New York, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan and Illinois. A canal is just a ditch, right? Why did the canal became so important to the northeast and Midwest? Between 1835 and the turn of the century, this network of Canals was enlarged twice to … Since ancient times, a passageway between the Red and Mediterranean Sea was sought after, but thought impossible due to differences in elevation. Farmers could grow wheat in western New York, sell it and have cash to buy furniture and clothing shipped up the canal that they otherwise would have made at home,” Kelly says. Like Smith himself, many of the religion’s early followers were drawn from the underclass who missed out on the prosperity brought to some by the canal. The canal put New York on the map as the Empire State—the leader in population, industry, and economic strength. Soon after, the quest to construct a link between the two bodies of water began. Instead of staying at inns along the way, sightseers slept on packets boats pulled by mules through the night. The Erie Canal had a huge effect on the economy of New York. Good thing for them that they failed. Thousands of tourists, including Europeans such as Charles Dickens, flowed down the canal on excursions from New York City to Niagara Falls. The Whigs and Democrats quickly followed suit. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. That made the Port of New York the most important in 19h Century America, surpassing Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Charleston. The city’s population quadrupled between 1820 and 1850, and the financing of the canal’s construction also allowed New York to surpass Philadelphia as the country’s preeminent banking center. Prior to the construction of the Erie Canal, most of the United States population remained pinned between the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Appalachian Mountains to the west. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The Erie Canal connected the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes through the Port of New York and the Hudson & Mohawk Rivers, cutting the time needed via the St. Lawrence significantly. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. The Erie Canal stretched for 363 miles providing the first waterway connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. • On October 25, 1825, the entire length of the Erie Canal was complete. Between 1823 and 1828, several lateral Canals opened including the Champlain, the Oswego and the Cayuga-Seneca. However, the Canal brought all sorts of travelers to New York City, as well as Philadelphia and Baltimore, quite possibly the largest and most populous cities at that time. In the late 1800s, railroads became increasingly dominant and complemented the canal in supporting Buffalo’s economic and cultural growth. The Erie Canal Important to the Northeast region because it reduced transportation costs by 90% and made New York City the busiest port on the Atlantic. The Erie Canal affected the United States economically, politically and socially. Located just outside of Erie Canal Harbor on the banks of Lake Erie, the outer harbor became home to “heavy manufacturers” producing cement, copper, steel, and other important materials that contributed to the city’s industrial growth. Not only did New York citizens use the canal as a transportation system for goods, but people also used it to travel from the upper Ohio Valley west into New York. By providing cheaper and more efficient means to transport goods, the canal had a substantial and enduring impact on the economic development of New York State, as well as the United States as a whole. It improved the economy in some cities in New York such as Buffalo Lockport, and Rochester. Why was the completion of the Erie Canal important to U.S. development? It transformed New York City into the nation’s principal seaport and opened the interior of North America to settlement. The new waterway, though, proved to be a 19th-century “information superhighway” that aided the spread of the new religion. The Erie Canal is said to be important due to diverse reasons to the economy and the state as a whole. 1825. Dan Ward is curator of the Erie Canal Museum. The time to ship goods from Buffalo to New York was shortened from twenty days to six; and the cost per ton reduced from $1… “The success of a port depends on how big a region it can draw from inland,” Kelly says. The Erie Canal was part of the New York State Canal System, which connected the Great Lakes basin to New York City by opening up new trade routes. The Erie Canal played an important role in New York state's history, and -- through its influence on local tourism -- could play an important role in its future as well. In 1826, Freemasons in Batavia, New York, were suspected in the kidnapping and likely murder of William Morgan, who had vowed to expose the order’s secrets in a new book. As the 1832 presidential election approached, the grassroots movement lacked the elected representatives in Congress and state legislatures that traditionally selected candidates, so it staged a nominating convention instead. The creation of the Erie Canal represented a large-scale effort by people to change their environment to be more advantageous to them. The Outer Harbor factories also provided man… The Erie Canal played a very important part in the history of the United States of America. • He says the Erie Canal was incredibly influential on the history of Michigan. The Erie Canal brought not only rapid change, but anxiety, to towns along its path. The Erie Canal Is Completed . Definition: The Erie Canal was the nation's first Important transportation system connecting the Atlantic Ocean, via the Hudson River in Albany, eastern New York, with Lake Erie. 787 views View 4 Upvoters Both the National Road and the Erie Canal established important transportation links between the North and the South. The Erie Canal was a huge and immediate success as a transportation artery. Prior to the canal’s construction, ports such as New Orleans, Philadelphia and even Baltimore outranked New York. “The Erie Canal really made New York City,” Kelly says. Artificial rivers like the Erie Canal were dynamic systems that challenged engineers of the 1820s. It was along the canal route in 1823 that Joseph Smith claimed to have been visited by a Christian angel named Moroni and where in 1830 he published the Book of Mormon and founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Erie Canal's success was part of a Canal-building boom in New York in the 1820s. The canal had to be precisely level–a discrepancy of a few inches over a hundred miles meant serious problems. “Many people don’t realize Mormonism started right on the Erie Canal since it’s so associated with Utah,” Kelly says. The Erie Canal: Facilitating Travel TO Michigan Regardless of the prevailing views of Michigan’s land and climate, a more important factor is delaying any large-scale movement into Michigan in the immediate postwar years was the difficulty in reaching the territory.Transportation to Michigan by water was "dangerous, unreliable, and fraught with discomfort." 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