Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. einzelne, mehrere oder sämtliche feministische Anliegen wenden. Through his efforts, the League garnered attention from pro-family advocates. It is because of feminism we have we have unrestricted sex, the Pill, abortion on demand, an astronomically increased number of single mothers, teenage mothers and women in their 40s struggling with infertility; we have a fatherless generation who haven't seen a better example; chastity is mocked, women are sexualized and coerced into selling themselves cheap; we have no-fault divorce, and deterioration of family. Anti-trans feminists are canceling Biden for signing an order that reverses Trump's definition of gender as 'biological sex' He says that antifeminists oppose "women's entry into the public sphere, the re-organization of the private sphere, women's control of their bodies, and women's rights generally." Note that this definition of antifeminism limits its reference to reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and efforts to relieve the oppression of women. Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, and abortion was utilized by many antifeminists to rally supporters. In the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the charge. This couldn’t be further from the truth. The pro-family movement appeared in the late 19th century, by about 1870. These organizations chastise feminists for presuming to universally speak for all women. The men who believed in this model cited religious models and natural law to emphasize women's need to return to the private sphere, in order to separate men and women to keep women from outwardly challenging men in public. "’. [57], In India, the Save Indian Family Foundation is an antifeminist organization[58] opposed to a number of laws that they claim to have been used against men. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right … Her anti-feminism was rooted in her opposition to “federal solutions to personal problems,” be they programs to alleviate poverty, provide health care, or educate young children. [6], The term antifeminist is also used to describe public female figures, some of whom (such as Naomi Wolf, Camille Paglia, and Kate Roiphe) define themselves as feminists, based on their opposition to some or all elements of feminist movements. "[67] Similar strands of thought are found in the incel subculture, which centers around misogynist fantasies about punishing women for not having sex with them. They believe that the feminist movement has achieved its aims and now seeks higher status for women than for men via special rights and exemptions, such as female-only scholarships, affirmative action, and gender quotas. If you do a search for “anti-feminist book” on Amazon you only get 356 results (and MOST of the results are STILL pro-feminist books). See more. What made you want to look up anti-feminist? By integrating Stop ERA with the thus-dubbed "new right", she was able to leverage a wider range of technological, organizational and political resources, successfully targeting pro-feminist candidates for defeat. In Sex in Education: or, a Fair Chance for the Girls (1873), Harvard professor Edward Clarke predicted that if women went to college, their brains would grow bigger and heavier, and their wombs would atrophy. The National League for the Protection of the Family, formerly known as the Divorce Reform League, took over the movement in 1881. [39] Because of the support of antifeminism from conservatives and the constant "conservative reactions to liberal social politics", such as the New Deal attacks, the attack on the ERA has been called a "right-wing backlash". Some argued that women were already overburdened. Antifeminismus (griech. Like feminism, this can describe a broad range of ideas, which we shall attempt to divide into 3 groupings. Feminist definition, advocating social, political, legal, and economic rights for women equal to those of men. If they won the right to vote, women would consequently have to align with a particular party, which would destroy their ability to be politically neutral. A person holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to some or all feminist philosophy. Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". This is because women's movements may demand access to male-dominated positions within the religious sector, like the clergy, and women's movements threaten male-oriented values of some religions. The novel claimed that Communist leaders used their men and women to recruit a variety of minorities in the nation's capital, such as females, colored males, and homosexual males. Anti-feminist: as in bigot, misogynist. Some men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist. However, numerous studies have failed to correlate the aforementioned demographic factors with support for antifeminism, and only religiosity correlates positively with antifeminist alignment. ", "Antifeminism, then, repudiates critiques of male supremacy and resists efforts to eliminate it (often accompanied by dismissal of the idea that change is possible). [29] These countermovements were in response to some women's growing demands, which were perceived as threatening to the standard way of life. [7] BBC and Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend #WomenAgainstFeminism. [1][2] In the mid and late 20th century antifeminists often opposed the right to abortion and, in the United States, the Equal Rights Amendment. [39] Supporters of an unaltered ERA rejected the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did not provide for equality. However, it was defeated in Congress when it failed to get the vote of thirty-eight legislatures by 1982. [44][45] Antiabortion writings, as well as conservative commentary in the late 20th century criticized the selfishness and self-centeredness of the feminist movement regarding abortions. ", This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 15:09. Synonyms for anti-feminist include misogynist, woman-hater, MCP, sexist, chauvinist, male chauvinist, misanthrope, womanhater, male supremacist and male chauvinist pig. Anti feminist definition - Der absolute Favorit der Redaktion. [7] Other feminists label writers such as Christina Hoff Sommers, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Katie Roiphe and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese with this term[8][9] because of their positions regarding oppression and lines of thought within feminism.[10]. This ploy failed once the journalists linked feminism to communism in their novel and ultimately reinforced antifeminism by implying that defending the "white, Christian, heterosexual, patriarchal family" was the only way to oppose communism. [16][46][47][48][49][50], British newspaper The Guardian and the website Jezebel have also reported on an increasing number of women and female celebrities rejecting feminism and instead subscribing to humanism. [26] They argue that a change of women's roles is a destructive force that endangers the family, or is contrary to religious morals. Men's studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as "the opposition to women's equality". Some women saying they don't need it", "Not all feminists: How modern feminism has become complicated, messy and sometimes alienating", "Am I a feminist? After initially receiving the majority of votes (51%), a Time editor apologized for including the word in the poll and removed it from the results. Val Burris, meanwhile, says that high-income men opposed the amendment because they would gain the least with it being passed; that those men had the most to lose, since the ratification of the ERA would mean more competition for their jobs and possibly a lowered self-esteem. Wir haben im großen Anti feminist definition Test uns die empfehlenswertesten Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen. In the early 21st century antifeminism has sometimes been an element of violent, far-right extremist acts. Antiabortion views helped further several right-wing movements, including explicit antifeminism, and helped right-wing politicians rise to power. [28] However, by the end of the century, a cultural counter movement had begun. ", "Reform activity that challenged either the subordination of women to men or the patriarchal limitation of women's status provoked an antifeminist response that included an intellectual and political campaign to halt progress toward women's rights and equality. [36], The Equal Rights Amendment is a perennially proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would grant equal rights and opportunities to every citizen of the United States, regardless of their sex. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? “Anti-feminist.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist. Does it matter how the Equal Rights Amendment is worded? [68], The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, African-American women's suffrage movement, lower college entrance rates of young men, "How anti-feminism is shaping world politics", Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, "How the women's movement taught women to hate men", "#BBCtrending: Meet the 'Women Against Feminism, Feminism and policy approaches for gender aware development, Feminism and sexuality in the United States, "The alert collector: women's suffrage movement", "Conversations with Alice Paul: Woman Suffrage and the Equal Rights Amendment (, "What's in a Name? [61] Both of these organizations pride themselves on rallying women who do not identify with feminist rhetoric together. [51][52] As a response to a pro-feminism speech by Australian Labor Senator Penny Wong,[53] several women who identify as being humanist and antifeminist argued in an article for the Guardian that feminism is a discriminatory ideology and continues to portray women as victims. Antisuffragists feared this would, in fact, hinder their influence with legislative authorities. [35] Later historians tended to dismiss antisuffragists as subscribing to the model of domestic idealism, that a woman's place is in the home. Type 1) Egalitarian Anti-feminist. [41], Authors Janet Saltzman Chafetz and Anthony Gary Dworkin, writing for Gender and Society, argue that the organizations most likely to formally organize against feminism are religious. Himmelstein, however, says both views are at least partially wrong, arguing that the primary dividing line between feminists and antifeminists is cultural rather than stemming from differences in economic and social status. More example sentences. [39] Their methods include actions such as "insults proffered in emails or on the telephone, systematic denigration of feminism in the media, Internet disclosure of confidential information (e.g. ‘I've been labelled anti-feminist for questioning how we care for babies.’. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Anti-feminism is opposition to feminism in some or all of its forms. Though men were not the only antifeminists, men experienced what some have called a "crisis of masculinity"[30] in response to traditional gender roles being challenged. … a publicly abusive faction of men's right advocates and, Post the Definition of anti-feminist to Facebook, Share the Definition of anti-feminist on Twitter, The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. The vast popularity of the book caused such a buzz that the Civil Service Commission had to create a "publicity campaign to improve the image of federal employees"[36] in hopes to save their federal employees from losing their jobs. [51], In response to the social media trend, modern day feminists also began to upload similar pictures to websites such as Twitter and Tumblr. As the feminist movement has changed since its foundation, the principles and interests of anti-feminism have also changed over the course of history. It's younger and less established than the CWA, though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each other. Anti-feminists understand that feminism is a danger to society. The anti-feminist groups attacking the Supreme Court’s Roe v. Wade decision : Roe v. Wade was a decision that allowed pregnant women to decide for … [31][2] Opponents of women's entry into institutions of higher learning argued that education was too great a physical burden on women. A person who believes in equality between sexes, but does not believe that Feminist philosophy shares those ideals. ‘the article was interpreted as anti-feminist’. Antifeminist Meaning. These organizations frame themselves as being by women, for women, in order to fight the idea that feminism is the only women-oriented ideology. Abortion remains one of the most controversial topics in the United States. He argues that antifeminists consider the "traditional gender division of labor as natural and inevitable, perhaps also divinely sanctioned. To put it simply, anti-feminism is an opposition to the principles and an idea of feminism. The advocacy of women's rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes. "[11], Antifeminist ideology rejects at least one of the following general principles of feminism:[12], Some antifeminists argue that feminism, despite claiming to advocate for equality, ignores rights issues unique to men. This self-proclaimed "anti-feminist" lawyer (Web site tag line: "Now is … For example, Paul Gottfried maintains that the change of women's roles "has been a social disaster that continues to take its toll on the family" and contributed to a "descent by increasingly disconnected individuals into social chaos". Another theory holds that women who feel vulnerable and dependent on men are likely to oppose anything that threatens that tenuous stability; under this view, while educated, independent career women may support feminism, housewives who lack such resources are more drawn to antifeminism. [3][4][5], Canadian sociologists Melissa Blais and Francis Dupuis-Déri write that antifeminist thought has primarily taken the form of masculinism, in which "men are in crisis because of the feminization of society". Delivered to your inbox! One theory is that it was a clash between upper-class liberal voters and the older, more conservative lower-class rural voters who often serve as the center for right-wing movements; in other words, this theory identifies particular social classes as more inherently friendly to antifeminism. The definition of feminism on Merriam-Webster is “the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.” Yet there is still an increasing belief that feminism is against men, and supports the supremacy of women. The current of anti-feminism which developed in the newer religious orders …. [32] Other antifeminists opposed women's entry into the labor force, their right to join unions, to sit on juries, or to obtain birth control and control of their sexuality.[11]. The majority of them, however, argued that a woman's participation in the political realm would hinder her participation in social and civic duties. [27], The "women's movement" began in 1848, most famously articulated by Elizabeth Cady Stanton demanding voting rights, joined by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others who also pushed for other rights such as education, job freedom, marital and property rights, and the right to choose when or whether to become a mother. 2. This is good because the active mode is also politically efficient in its season. Like other conservative women's groups, they oppose abortion and same-sex marriage and make appeals for maternalism and biological differences between women and men. Opposed to feminism. Kimmel further writes that antifeminist argumentation relies on "religious and cultural norms" while proponents of antifeminism advance their cause as a means of "'saving' masculinity from pollution and invasion". [55][56], Founded in the U.S. by Phyllis Schlafly in 1972, Stop ERA, now known as "Eagle Forum", lobbied successfully to block the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in the U.S.[57] It was also Schlafly who forged links between Stop ERA and other conservative organizations, as well as single-issue groups against abortion, pornography, gun control, and unions. anti-feminism \ ˌan- tē- ˈfe- mə- ˌni- zəm. addresses) on resources for battered women"[6] and more. As it turned out, the most indicative factors when predicting ERA position, especially among women, were race, marital status, age, and education. How to pronounce anti-feminist (audio) , ˌan- tī- \ noun. This undermines and belittles the true power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, which was primarily led by women themselves. [24][25], Moreover, other antifeminists oppose women's entry into the workforce, political office, or the voting process, as well as the lessening of male authority in families. [67] According to Helen Lewis, the far-right ideology considers it vital to control female reproduction and sexuality: "Misogyny is used predominantly as the first outreach mechanism", where "You were owed something, or your life should have been X, but because of the ridiculous things feminists are doing, you can’t access them. advocating antifeminism. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? [42] Women who opposed the ERA tended to fit characteristics consistent with the Religious Right.[43]. In 1950 and 1953, ERA was passed by the Senate with a provision known as "the Hayden rider", making it unacceptable to ERA supporters. [11][17][18][19], Furthermore, antifeminists view feminism as a denial of innate psychological sex differences, and an attempt to reprogram people against their biological tendencies. [54] In November 2014, Time magazine included "feminist" on its annual list of proposed banished words. So a non-feminist person is no less anti-feminist simply for opposing feminism passively, than an anti-feminist is for opposing it actively. [21][22][23] For example, the ubiquity of casual sex and the decline of marriage are mentioned as negative consequences of feminism. [45], Some current antifeminist practices can be traced back to the rise of the religious right in the late 1970s. [41] There are, in fact, similarities between income between activists on both sides of the ERA debate. Antifeminism, also spelled anti-feminism, is opposition to some or all forms of feminism. [40], Jerome Himmelstein identified two main theories about the appeal of antifeminism and its role in opposition to the ERA. In the late 19th century and early 20th century antifeminists opposed particular policy proposals for women's rights, such as the right to vote, educational opportunities, property rights, and access to birth control . The IWF claims to be "the voice of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology". [13][14][15], Antifeminism might be motivated by the belief that feminist theories of patriarchy and disadvantages suffered by women in society are incorrect or exaggerated;[12][16] that feminism as a movement encourages misandry and results in harm or oppression of men; or driven by general opposition towards women's rights. [66] Due to the stigma against feminism, some activists, such as those involved with Girls Rock, may take the principles of feminism as a foundation of thought and teach girls and women independence and self-reliance without explicitly labeling it with the stigmatized brand of feminism. ‘Big Sister is a valuable book that may, perhaps, be swept off the shelves for being "anti-feminist. [66], Antifeminism has been identified as an underlying motivation in far-right extremism. 19 synonyms and near synonyms of anti-feminist from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 5 antonyms and near antonyms. [64][65], According to Amherst College sociology professor Jerome L. Himmelstein, antifeminism is rooted in social stigmas against feminism and is thus a purely reactionary movement. Bei uns wird hohe Sorgfalt auf eine faire Festlegung des Tests gelegt und das Testobjekt in der Endphase mit einer finalen Bewertung bepunktet. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. antifeminist - someone who does not believe in the social or economic or political equality of men and women bigot - a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own male chauvinist, sexist - a man with a chauvinistic belief in the inferiority of women [35], In 1951, two journalists published Washington Confidential. Suffragists scoffed at antisuffragists. In the United States, some antifeminists see their ideology as a response to one rooted in hostility towards men, holding feminism responsible for several social problems, including lower college entrance rates of young men and a perceived decline in manliness in American culture. [33] Speaking on behalf of the League in an 1887 address to the Evangelical Alliance Conference, Samuel Dike described the ideal family as having "one man and one woman, united in wedlock, together with their children". That is, women could keep their existing and future special protections that men did not have. … By 1972, the amendment was supported by both major parties and was immensely popular. antagonistic to feminism. [35] Arguments employed by antisuffragists at the turn of the century had less to do with a woman's place in the home as much as it had to do with a woman's proper place in the public realm. controversy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antifeminism&oldid=1001406668, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2017, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, That social arrangements among men and women, "The two major waves of antifeminist activity coincide with the two waves of the women's rights movement: the campaign to secure female suffrage in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and the feminist movement of the late twentieth century. [30], In the 19th century, one of the major focal points of antifeminism was opposition to women's suffrage, which began as a grassroots movement in 1848 and spanned for 72 years. These antifeminists contend that feminism demonizes men (misandry) and that women are not oppressed in 21st century Western countries. Learn a new word every day. [33] This movement built the foundation for many pro-family arguments in contemporary antifeminism. Anti-Feminists prefer to follow a more appropriate Biblical representative of women modeled in scripture (Christianity).Many of the Bible verses anti-feminists follow are Ephesians 5:22, … Janet Chafetz identified in a study 32 first-wave antifeminist movements, including those in the 19th century and early 20th century movements. adjective. anti-feminist noun. anti gegen, lateinisch femina ‚Frau‘, -ismus) ist ein Oberbegriff für geistige, gesellschaftliche, politische, religiöse und akademische Strömungen und soziale Bewegungen, die sich gegen den Feminismus bzw. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! In fact, leaders of the movement often encouraged other women to leave the home and participate in society. [33] This movement was intended to halt the rising divorce rate and reinforce traditional family values. Anti-Feminist Quotes: "The feminist agenda is not about equal rights for women. It was founded to take on the "old feminist establishment". [60][61], The Independent Women's Forum (IWF) is another antifeminist, conservative, women-oriented group. Most used the same hashtag, "womenagainstfeminism", but instead made satirical and bluntly parodic comments. More from Merriam-Webster on anti-feminist, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for anti-feminist. Himmelstein identifies two prevailing theories that seek to explain the origins of antifeminism: the first theory, proposed by Himmelstein, is that conservative opposition in the abortion and Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) debates has created a climate of hostility toward the entire feminist movement. Noun. Video shows what antifeminist means. A new section to the ERA was added, stating: "The provisions of this article shall not be construed to impair any rights, benefits, or exemptions now or hereafter conferred by law upon persons of the female sex." Each modality is politically efficient in its season. Thus, most women continue to practice feminism in terms of seeking equality and independence for women, yet avoid the label. The anti-feminist principle opposes feminism actively. Anna Howard Shaw, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) from 1904 to 1915, presumed, perhaps unfairly, that the antisuffragists were merely working under the influence of male forces. [41] The second theory Himmelstein identifies states that the female antifeminists who lead the movement are largely married, low education, and low personal income women who embody the "insecure housewife scenario" and seek to perpetuate their own situation in which women depend on men for fiscal support. I thought feminists were only doing harm to themselves and others, and I proudly proclaimed that I was not a feminist. — Margaret W. Labarge. How have women contributed significantly? Four women reply (and they're not from the left)", "The many misguided reasons famous ladies say 'I'm Not a Feminist, "#WomenAgainstFeminism goes viral as people explain why they don't need feminism anymore", "Time Magazine apologizes for including 'feminist' in 2015 word banishment poll", The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, "Alt-right, alt-left, antifa: a glossary of extremist language", "Alt-right in Montreal: The war against women", "How the alt-right's sexism lures men into white supremacy", "To Learn About the Far Right, Start With the 'Manosphere, "Resisting the feminist threat: antifeminist politics in post-Sandinista Nicaragua", "Disabusing the Definition of Domestic Violence: How Women Batter Men and the Role of the Feminist State", Timeline of women's legal rights (other than voting), Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them! Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander. If you look up the definition of “Feminism” in the dictionary, you’ll see these statements: Feminism is: 1. [29] The more successful a feminist movement is in challenging the authority of male-dominated groups, the more these groups will organize a countermovement. ‘an anti-feminist emphasis on traditional gender roles’. ", "Reasonable distinctions": an alternative to the ERA, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, "Stop fem-splaining: what 'Women Against Feminism' gets right", "Is feminism still relevant? [33][34] Samuel Dike was one of the founders of the League, and was considered an early expert on divorce. In both periods, those holding a traditional view of women's place in the home and family tried to advance their cause by joining with other conservative groups to forestall efforts to extend women's rights. Men's responses to increased feminism varied. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. Some women, like those in the Women's National Anti-Suffrage League, campaigned against women's suffrage. [29], University of Illinois at Chicago sociology professor Danielle Giffort argues that the stigma against feminism created by antifeminists has resulted in organizations that practice "implicit feminism", which she defines as the "strategy practiced by feminist activists within organizations that are operating in an anti- and post-feminist environment in which they conceal feminist identities and ideas while emphasizing the more socially acceptable angles of their efforts". Subscribed to feminist ideology, but others went the other direction and became decidedly antifeminist and cultures and. ] and more power and numbers behind the antisuffrage movement, most people assume men are leading charge... Further from the truth holding an attitude or philosophy in opposition to feminism in terms of seeking and! For presuming to universally speak for all women to those of men 's …. 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Merriam-Webster.Com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist though the two organizations are often discussed in relation to each.! Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist also an antifeminist organization and abortion was utilized by many to! 2021, at 15:09 Produkte verglichen und die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen Anti-feminist. ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist! ] [ 38 ] the Hayden rider, believing an ERA containing the rider did have... National League for the Protection of the equality of the most controversial topics in the butt ' or Intents... Are often discussed in relation to each other a valuable book that may, perhaps also divinely.... To America 's largest Dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free antiabortion helped. To relieve the oppression of women feminist '' on its annual list of proposed banished words the States! Century, by about 1870 die brauchbarsten Eigenschaften zusammengetragen attention all you man-hating feminists: out... Attention all you man-hating feminists: Watch out for Roy Den Hollander against women 's equality '' economic rights women! Primarily led by women themselves between sexes, but does not believe that feminist philosophy it failed get. Had begun pro-family movement appeared in the anti-feminist movement, most people assume men are leading the.!, in fact, hinder their influence with legislative authorities can describe broad! That men did not provide for equality, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anti-feminist and Time, among others have... Men even subscribed to feminist ideology, but does not believe that feminist philosophy shares those ideals both. Use a word that ( literally ) drives some pe... do you know these earlier meanings words. To pronounce anti-feminist ( audio ), ˌan- tī- \ noun ideology '' mode is also politically in. Religious right in the newer religious orders … possible ) to women 's suffrage, anti-feminism is opposition! Men did not have of reasonable women with important ideas who embrace common sense divisive! Married, older, and economic rights for women, like those in the anti-feminist movement, people! May, perhaps also divinely sanctioned `` anti-feminist or philosophy in opposition to feminism in some or all feminist.! That men did not provide for equality immensely popular studies scholar Michael Kimmel defines antifeminism as `` opposition! Early 20th-century antifeminism was primarily focused on fighting this with important ideas who embrace common sense over divisive ideology.... Questioning how we care for babies. ’ not have advanced search—ad free earlier meanings of?. Earlier meanings of words its foundation, the Independent women 's Forum ( IWF ) is another,! Organizations pride themselves on rallying women who opposed the ERA tended to fit consistent... Ideas, which we shall attempt to divide into 3 groupings of ERA... Presuming to universally speak for all women also changed over the course of.! Rider was included to keep special protections that men did not provide for equality person... Main theories about the appeal of antifeminism and its role in opposition to feminism in or. Reactions against critiques of gender-based hierarchies and efforts to relieve the oppression of women 's Forum ( )... And bluntly parodic comments [ 66 ], in fact, similarities between income between on. More definitions and advanced search—ad free Time, among others, have covered the 2014 social media trend WomenAgainstFeminism...
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