Also known as Blue Marker, River John Blue, Fenton Blue, and many other names, the All Blue potato is an heirloom variety believed to have discovered over 100 years ago. It belongs to the heirloom variety and should not be confused with the new potatoes. Color: Red skin, yellow/off-white/white flesh, Use: Best for roasting, boiling, and using in soups, salads, or stews. In my opinion, are the best for mashing, baking, and frying. Potatoes 101: A Guide to the Most Common Varieties Reader's Digest Editors Updated: Jul. It is commonly found in both local stores and specialty markets. Early (new) varieties of potato can be harvested earlier compared to maincrop potato varieties. It is characterized by a sweet and nutty flavor. It is one of the most common sweet potatoes available in the market. Characterized by a firm texture, the Russian Banana is a popular small-sized potato variety that has a rich taste similar to a fingerling potato. These can be used for mashed potatoes, as well. All potato breeding selections undergo a strenuous evaluation process before being released as varieties. It is an ideal choice for making chips because it retains its moisture and firmness after cooking. Read on to find out which potatoes fit into these three basic categories. Colorado Variety Profiles: Norkotah clones 3 and 8, Cherry Red, Legend. Shape: Oblong, cylindrical, with rounded or tapered ends. Required fields are marked *. The following varieties are indeterminate, at least to a certain degree: 'Rudolph' with a red skin and white flesh. Red potato varieties are also a good source of vitamin B6; are fat, sodium and cholesterol free; and (this was a shocker) are an excellent source of potassium – even more than a banana! • Russet potatoes —also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown … These kinds of all-purpose tubers are good for use in most recipes. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. Red Gold. As a starchy white potato, the Russets turn dry and mealy when baked and they contain high amounts of amylose. Varieties Available by State. However, any of the abovementioned potato varieties can be collected in the spring while they are small, young, and waxy. Some potatoes are better for certain recipes than others, but if you are looking for an all-purpose potato, try growing some of the white potato varieties. 'Early Rose' (Solanum tuberosum 'Early Rose') Introduced commercially in 1861, 'Early Rose' is one of … Your email address will not be published. 'Salad Blue' an unusual maincrop potato with dark purple/blue skin with violet flesh. * Some potatoes can be used for most end uses. Understanding clone designations Potatoes at WSU , PO Box 646414, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6414, 509-335-9502 This testing is undertaken through UK National List testing and the AHDB Potatoes-funded Independent Variety Trials (IVT) programme. Good for roasting and baking. These young potatoes are called new potatoes, and are usually sold at the farmers’ market. This variety tends to be slightly less rich in flavor than some of the others, but their unusual color lends dishes an exotic appeal. Potatoes are usually harvested in the fall or early winter, and then ‘cured’ underground for several weeks to increase their shelf life. (Marshalls) 'Markies' a good all round potato with good disease resistance. Color: Dark yellow or tan skin, pale yellow flesh, Use: Ideal for boiling, roasting, steaming; good for salads. Potatoes are versatile for a wide variety of culinary uses, make a great storage crop and are generally simple to grow. Pictured below are potato varieties created in Aberdeen by our breeders. Russets As of 2013, there are approximately 7,000 sweet potato cultivars. Color: Dark blue skin, blue flesh with a white ring, Use: Best baked, roasted, and steamed for salads. This traditional, first … The process can take as many as 15 years and involves hundreds of tests. It was first grown by Jean Pierre Clot, a French farmer, in the Swiss Alps. This database provides data on GB-certified potato varieties that have undergone independent resistance testing for key pests and diseases. Color: Rough, semi-thick, pale orange or brownish skin, orange flesh. For a few years now, most of the potatoes I’ve grown have been nutty, early, French salad potatoes. Varieties which tend to be waxy are most early, new season potatoes; Nadine, Draga, Frisia, Jersey Bennie, Red King Edward, Highlander, Osprey, Tiffany, Annabelle, Gourmandine and Marilyn. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Potato cultivars such as Yukon Gold and Marcy hold their shape well and have a fluffy texture when cooked. (Marshalls) 'Harmony' large crop of round potatoes that can be used boiled, mashed or backed. Sources: GrillAChef.com, MarthaStewart.com, TheCook’sThesaurus.com. Famous for their yellow hue and rich flavor, Yukon golds are in many ways the best of both worlds. Known for its great flavor, the Red Norland is an early-maturing variety of Norland potatoes that was first produced in Nebraska during the 1960s. It is a popular variety of Satsuma-imo or sweet potato that is rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Discovered in the 1960s, the Yukon Gold is a large cultivar that can be distinguished by its smooth skin containing shallow eyes. Varieties of potatoes that have medium levels of starch, sugar, and moisture are all-purpose potato types. 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