Nov 16, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Kare Gold. Kiyomori with his dream of controlling Japan has come to sleep on the Buddhist bell which will soon ring the truth about how the prosperous and famous will fall into decline. [9][6] Thus, there were two groups in Kanmu Heishi, a nucleus that descended from Takamune and another from his nephew, Takamochi (the son of Imperial Prince Takami). The mon (aka crest, emblem) of the Taira clan is an Agehanochō (揚羽蝶, Swallowtail butterfly) with raised wings. Il primo a ricevere il kabane Taira no Ason fu nell'889 Taira no Takamochi, nipote dell'Imperatore Kammu, che è così ritenuto il fondatore della linea Kammu Heishi; a questi si aggiunsero i Ninmyō Heishi, i Montoku Heishi e i Kōkō Heishi. This story is told in the Heike Monogatari. In realtà gli stessi Kammu Heishi erano discendenti da due linee, perché Kammu aveva concesso il titolo anche al suo altro nipote Takamune-ō. It is listed in the Shinsen shojiroku. The clan rose in a call to arms, allying with the warrior monksof Mt. In 1180, Yoritomo organized a large-scale rebellion against the rule of the Taira (the Genpei War or Taira-Minamoto), culminated with the destruction of the Taira by the Minamoto clan[11] and the subjugation of eastern Japan in five years. Later, the descendants of Emperor Nimmyo, Emperor Montoku and Emperor Koko also received the surname. Sebbene il clan Taira abbia considerevolmente perso di importanza con l'avvento del clan Minamoto, molti clan discendenti dei Kammu Heishi prosperarono; tra questi i clan Hōjō, Chiba e Miura, che essendosi alleati con i Minamoto nella guerra Genpei ottennero posizioni di estremo rilievo nello shogunato di Kamakura, e il clan Hatakeyama, che ottenne posizioni di prestigio nello shogunato Ashikaga. lettura on'yomi per "famiglia Taira"), fu un'importante famiglia discesa dall'Imperatore Kammu ed imparentata con diversi imperatori giapponesi, che esercitò un considerevole potere in Giappone durante il periodo Heian. The Miura family (三浦氏, Miura-shi) was one of the branch families descended from the Taira clan.They held large fiefs, and retained great political influence. The picture above shows the cenotaphs of the Taira clansmen in Kyoto in 2002. The genealogy and history of the family have been traced in detail from 825, when the name Taira was given to Prince Takamune, grandson of Kammu (the 50th emperor of Japan). TAIRA FAMILY CREST. It is said that there are more than 20,000 distinct individual Kamon in Japan. Styled after the swallowtail butterfly (揚羽蝶/agehachou) crest of the Taira clan: Nobunaga at some point claimed to have descended from the Taira clan by way of Taira no Chikazane. [3], Some grandchildren of Emperor Kanmu were the first to bear the name of Taira, after 825. Kamon, or the family crest, began being used in the first half of the 11th century (Heian period). https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clan_Taira&oldid=114468206, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. 8) “Mu” (emptiness/nothing) A zen Buddhism concept of nothingness. Foreign fans can be found loitering at the Minamotos' graveyard in Kamakura -- but the Tairas rarely got a symphatetic stranger visiting them. They nominally descended from Emperor Seiwa (850–880) and were a branch of the Minamoto clan (Seiwa Genji) through the Matsudaira clan.The early history of this clan remains a mystery. Taira no Kiyomori, son and heir of Tadamori, rose to the position of Daijō Daijin (great Minister of State), after his victories in the Hōgen Rebellion (1156) and the Heiji Rebellion (1160). Our last name comes from the Taira clan, one of the four main clans ruling Japan in the Heian period. They were one of the primary opponents of the Hōjō family of regents in the mid-13th century, and again at the beginning of the 16th. He wears a black robe with a beautiful burnished pattern of the Taira butterfly crest over voluminous hakama pants and a tall court cap. [2], The clan was founded when the Imperial Court grew too large, and the emperor ordered that the descendants of previous emperors from several generations ago would no longer be princes, but would instead be given commoner surnames and rank. [1], Along with the Minamoto, Taira was one of the honorary surnames given by the emperors of the Heian Period (794 - 1185 CE) to their children and grandchildren who were not considered eligible for the throne. White or transparent. The clan is commonly referred to as Heishi (平氏, "Taira clan") or Heike (平家, "House of Taira"), using the character's Chinese reading hei (平) for Taira, while shi (氏) means "clan", and ke (家) is used as a suffix for "extended family". via Wikipedia . Trama Modifica Nel 1137, Tadamori Taira , col figlio Kiyomori , ed un manipolo di samurai torna a Kyoto dopo aver sconfitto i pericolosi pirati che infestavano le coste giapponesi, e constata che la corte imperiale mostra di non tenere in gran conto l’impresa. The last leader of the Kanmu Heishi bloodline, was eventually destroyed by Minamoto no Yoritomo's armies at the Battle of Dan-no-ura, the last battle of the Genpei War. Be Unique. Taira no Kiyomori gained power in Kyoto forging alliances with retired emperors Shirakawa and Toba. Crane crest of the Mori clan. via Wikimedia Commons . Insieme al Minamoto, Taira era uno dei cognomi onorari dati dagli imperatori del periodo Heian ( 794 - 1185 d.C.) ai loro figli e nipoti che non erano considerati idonei al trono.. Il clan fu fondato quando la corte imperiale si ingrandì e l'imperatore ordinò che i discendenti del precedente imperatore, per troppe generazioni, non fossero più principi, ma ricevessero il cognome e l'onore. [2], The Kanmu Heishi line, founded in 889 by Taira no Takamochi (great-grandson of the 50th Emperor Kanmu, who reigned from 781 to 806) proved to be the strongest and most dominant line during the Heian period. In 1192, Minamoto no Yoritomo received the title shogun and created the first bakufu based in Kamakura (Kanagawa Prefecture). It is used on the roof tiles of Shinto temples, on … Feb 11, 2019 - Buy 'Taira Kiyomori Crest with Name' by Takeda-art as a Essential T-Shirt Taira Akira (Tomoakira) doing his last dance before Minamoto Yoshitsune killed him. [4] Later, another member of this Taira no Kiyomori lineage created what was considered the first samurai government in the history of Japan. The Taira was one of the four most important samurai clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian Period of Japanese history - the others were the Fujiwara, the Tachibana in addition to the Minamoto. Taira clan (平氏 Hei-shi?) The term \"Kamon\" refers to a crest used in Japan to indicate one's origins; that is, one's family lineage, blood line, ancestry and status from ancient times. We print the highest quality taira stickers on the internet The Taira Clan is commonly referred to as Heishi (平氏 , Taira clan) or Heike (平家 , House o Maruni Hidari Sangaimatsu (Triple Pine Tree) of the Taira clan. Terrific scene depicting a gathering of the Taira Clan at Suma Temple. Yoshitsune and Benkei defending themselves in their boat during a storm created by the ghosts of conquered Taira warriors (by Utagawa Kuniyoshi), "Taira" redirects here. Shop taira stickers created by independent artists from around the globe. 4. Il nome del clan nacque come un kabane, titolo onorifico concesso da alcuni imperatori ad alcuni discendenti della famiglia reale che non avevano diritto alla successione. Miura remains a common family name in Japan today. Login with Gmail. Members of the clan ruled Japan as shōguns from 1603 to 1867. A swallowtail butterfly was the representative Kamon (family crest) of the Taira clan. Japanese: ‘peace’. Sua figlia Tokuno sposò Takakura, 80º imperatore del Giappone (1169-1180). Il clan Taira (平氏 Taira-uji?, lettura kun'yomi) o Heishi (lettura on'yomi dei kanji precedenti), anche Heike (平家? [5] Kiyomorihe succeeded in enthroning his youngest grandson as Emperor Antoku in 1180, an act that led to the Genpei War (Genpei no Sōran, 1180 - 1185). your own Pins on Pinterest [12], The Taira clan had four main branches:[13]. Somehow they had continuously been beaten by the Minamotos for the last thousand of years, despite the rise of their offspring Oda Nobunaga in 1560. Nel 1180 Kiyomori influenzò così la successione imperiale mettendo sul trono suo nipote Antoku, che era ancora un bambino; questo scatenò la guerra Genpei, della quale Kiyomori non vide la fine, in quanto morì nel 1181, e che il clan nel 1185 perse nella decisiva battaglia di Dan-no-ura. Wheel motif crest of the Genji clan. 2. The Taira clan lead by Kiyomori actually used a butterfly as their crest, this impressive swallowtail butterfly design: Now, we able to read the hokku as an allegory for the Taira clan. The mon (aka crest, emblem) of the Taira clan is an Agehanochō (揚羽蝶, Swallowtail butterfly) with raised wings. Taira clan (平氏, Hei-shi?) Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. Unique Japanese Family Crests Stickers designed and sold by artists. In the beginning, the symbol was used only by one generation of a family but as the society of court nobles grew, the symbol came to be inherited by their children along with hereditar… Un pronipote di Takamochi, Taira no Korihira, divenne daimyō della provincia di Ise. Along with the Minamoto, Taira was one of the honorary surnames given by the emperors of the Heian Period (794 - 1185 CE) to their children and grandchildren who were not considered eligible for the throne.. via Wikipedia . A warlord's clan preceded the Meiji to World War II flag: the Ryuzoji 's crest has already been featuring sunrays since 14th century. The Taira clan (平氏) The family name of the Taira clan was derived from "TAIRA no Ason," which was one of the official titles given to a member of the Imperial Family if they became vassals. The Tokugawa clan (徳川氏、德川氏, Tokugawa-shi or Tokugawa-uji) is a Japanese dynasty that was formerly a powerful daimyō family. The samurai crests usually feature various flowers with strong roots (paulownia), leaves, crane, and a pine tree that represents longevity. via Wikimedia Commons . 5. Il clan Taira (平氏 Taira-uji?, lettura kun'yomi) o Heishi (lettura on'yomi dei kanji precedenti), anche Heike (平家? Together with the Fujiwara and Minamoto, this is one of the most prominent clans in Japanese history. "To defend the heir while one drop of blood remains. In reference to Japanese history, along with Minamoto, Taira was a hereditary clan name bestowed by the emperors of the Heian period to certain ex-members of the imperial family when they became subjects. Login with Facebook Il potere passò così nelle mani del clan Minamoto e in particolare del suo capo Minamoto no Yoritomo. Kiyomori sent Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147–1199), the third son of Yoshimoto, into exile. Nobles decorated the sides of their carriages with beautiful symbols to identify themselves when attending the imperial court and scouting out in the fields. The Tachibana Clan (橘氏・Tachibana-shi) is the smallest of the four powerful clans of the Heian Period, though it's the second oldest after the Fujiwara. Alternative Title: Heike family Taira Family, also called Heike, Japanese samurai (warrior) clan of great power and influence in the 12th century. Another member of this family was Takamune-ō (804 - 867), the eldest son of Prince Imperial Kazurahara and grandson of Emperor Kanmu , who received the title of Taira no Ason in the year 825 . Decorate your laptops, water bottles, helmets, and cars. The decision became applicable during the reign of Emperor Kanmu (782-805) and thus, together with the Taira clan, the Minamoto clan was born. Crests were thought up based on a good many considerations, and a great chunk of those couldn't survive being rationally vivisected. The young Emperor Antoku is perched on the shoulder of a nobleman at right, who looks sternly out over the retainers and samurai seated around him. was a major Japanese clan of samurai, extremely skilled in the art of jujitsu in historical Japan.. The crest that looks like 3 swirls, mitsudomoe, is the common crest in Japan. Discover (and save!) Get up to 50% off. 3. For the next five years, the Minamoto and Taira battled over control of the country. Agehanocho, the Swallowtail butterfly. Except … Taira Nimmyō (Nimmyō Heishi, 仁明平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 54th Emperor Nimmyō's lineage. was a major Japanese clan of samurai in historical Japan. Sasarindou (Bamboo leaves and Gentian flowers) of the Minamoto clan . This clan's original whereabout was not very far from Kyoto. [7], This branch of the Kanmu Heishi had many other branches, including Hōjō, Chiba, Miura and Hatakeyama.[8][6]. 6. Few are aware that this clan, long-since disgraced in history, continues to secretly live on in very small pockets of the land. La storia di questi anni è narrata nello Heike monogatari ("storia della famiglia Taira"), un romanzo epico del XIV secolo. [5] A great grandson of Takamochi, Taira no Korihira, moved to Ise province (currently part of Mie Prefecture) and established an important Daimyo dynasty. The Taira was one of the four most important samurai clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian Period of Japanese history - the others were the Fujiwara, the Tachibana in addition to the Minamoto. [6] Masamori, his grandson; and Tadamori, his great-grandson, became loyal supporters of Emperor Shirakawa and Emperor Toba, respectively. The specific hereditary lines of these emperors are referred to by the posthumous name of the emperor followed by Heishi, for example Kanmu Heishi. Pochi anni dopo la sua vittoria si schierò contro il clan Minamoto e al fianco dell'Imperatore Nijō nella ribellione di Heiji (1160); dopo questa vittoria fu nominato Daijō-daijin (gran ministro dello Stato) e il clan Taira divenne il più potente del Giappone. Un suo pronipote, Taira no Kiyomori, sostenne l'Imperatore Go-Shirakawa contro l'Imperatore claustrale Sutoku, sostenuto da suo padre Tadamasa, nella ribellione di Hōgen (1156). Shop Taira Clan iPhone and Samsung Galaxy cases by independent artists and designers from around the world. [10], During the Heiji Rebellion (1160), the Seiwa Genji leader, Minamoto no Yoshitomo, died in battle. This I vow." lettura on'yomi per "famiglia Taira"), fu un'importante famiglia discesa dall' Imperatore Kammu ed imparentata con diversi imperatori giapponesi, che esercitò un considerevole potere in … La nuova storia del clan Taira è un film giapponese del 1955, diretto da Kenji Mizoguchi, basato su un romanzo di Eiji Yoshikawa. Kamon are often referred to as Family Crests which are European heraldic device similar to the Kamon in function, but it is different in many ways. Hiei, and others, against the Taira, in a conflict which would come to be known as the Genpei War. The Oda clan at the time of Oda Nobunaga (1534 - 1582) also claimed Taira descent, they were descendants of Taira no Chikazane, grandson of Taira no Shigemori (1138 - 1179). For other uses, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taira_clan&oldid=986894376, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Taira Kanmu (Kanmu Heishi, 桓武平氏) - descended from the princes, children of 50th, Taira Nimmyō (Nimmyō Heishi, 仁明平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 54th, Taira Montoku (Montoku Heishi, 文徳平氏) - descended from princes, children of 55th, Taira Kōkō (Kōkō Heishi, 光孝平氏) - descended from the princes, grandchildren of the 58th, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:49. The Taira (which means 'great folks') clan, whose banners are black-and-red, was founded by Takamochi, Lord Chamberlain of the Imperial Court, who could claim that the DNA of one of the most famous Emperors of Japan, Kuammu (782-805), reigning in his times, to be his, too. Etymology [edit | edit source]. The Taira (Heike) were the most powerful military clan in late Heian period (794-1185) Japan and for all intents and purposes, controlled just about every aspect of the affairs of state under its patriarch, Kiyomori. The Taira clan had four main branches: Taira Kanmu (Kanmu Heishi, 桓武平氏) - descended from the princes, children of 50th Emperor Kanmu. It is also referred to simply as Mondokoro or Mon. The Taira clan are a noble clan of many great heroes as well as tyrants and are generally believed to be extinct throughout all of Japan. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. These were important members of the Taira clan. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 22 lug 2020 alle 06:23.
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